You are watching: A number that represents a part of a whole

When an item as a entirety is divided into two parts, there aretwo possibilities. The parts might be same or unequal.

Each equal component of a totality is called one-half. That is expressed together 1/2 and read together one over two or one top top two.



If a vivid sheet of paper istaken and also one edge is carried on to the the opposite edge and a folds is made inthe middle, climate this wrinkle divides the sheet of file into 2 equal parts.Each part will be one fifty percent of the entirety sheet.



The circle is also be separated into two half circles. Every of the 2 equal components is called half of the whole. Similarly, each of the two equal components of a square is well-known as the half portion as a part of a whole.

2. Again if we take a paper which was earlier split into twoequal parts by folding, it have the right to again be separated by a 2nd fold in the middle.


Thus, the sheet is divided intofour same parts. Every equal part is dubbed one-fourth or a 4 minutes 1 of thewhole sheet. Thus, any type of whole deserve to be separated into 4 equal parts and each partis one-fourth or a quarter of the whole. That is expressed as 1/4 and also read together oneover 4 or one top top four.

If we consider two parts of thefour equal parts of a whole it will represent 2/4 or 2 fourths, i.e. Twoone-fourth or half.

If we think about three parts of thefour equal parts of a whole, that will stand for 3/4 or three-fourths or threequarters. It is also read as three upon four.

3. If a paper is divided into three equal parts, climate each part iscalled one-third the the whole sheet.

Thus, one of the 3 equal components of awhole is called one-third that it and also expressed together 1/3, i beg your pardon is written asone-third or one upon three.

See the images shows three equal parts of a sheet.  


Similarly, if a circle is dividedinto three equal parts, each part is referred to as one-third of the entirety circle. Onethird is represented by 1/3 or, one upon 3 or, one three.

See the images shows three equal components of a circle.  

4. How can we relatively share one apple in between two children? how much will each child get? permit us reduced the apologize in three various ways.

Now, let us compare the shaded parts which the unsheded components in each picture. In photo (i) the shaded component is smaller than the unshaded part. In photo (ii) the shaded component is bigger than the unshaded part. In p(iii) shaded and also unshaded parts are equal. Us say the apple is divided into equal halves. One part is referred to as one-half.

There room two halves in a whole. Each fifty percent is written as \(\frac12\). That is read as one through two. 

5. 1/2, 1/3, 2/4, 2/3, 3/4, ……… , etc., are dubbed fractions orfractional numbers.

1/5, 2/5, 3/5, 4/5, 5/5, 1/6, 2/6,3/6, 4/6, 5/6, ………… etc., are additionally fractions. Any part or part of a whole oneis known as a fraction. A portion is expressed by two numbers having a smallhorizontal line in between them.

The number above the small line iscalled the numerator or top number and the number below thesmall heat is called denominator or bottom number.

As, in 4/5, where 4 is the numerator and 5 is the denominator

\<\frac4  \colorRed \rightarrow   Numerator5  \colorRed \rightarrow   Denominator\>

We to speak one whole is divide into 5equal components from i m sorry if 4 parts are taken, it might be expressed together 4/5 whichis a fountain number or fraction.

The over explanation will help us come understand just how the fractionas a component of a whole number.

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