It is a an enig that has actually gone top top for more than a century: go the old skull lodged in one Austrian basement yes, really belong to the best composer of all time, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart?
The outcomes of DNA test seeking to deal with the mystery were broadcast on Austrian TV to coincide through the 250th anniversary this month the the composer"s birth. And also the answer is: we still don"t know.
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Last night researchers revealed that Mozart"s "skull" - which has remained in the possession of the Mozart foundation since 1902 - had actually a various DNA an outcome from the of his 2 "relatives". This can mean either that the skull is a 200-year-old fake or that it is indeed genuine yet that the 2 "relatives" dug increase from the Mozart household plot in Salzburg space not native his family members at all. The samples indigenous the skeletons the his claimed relatives had various DNA outcomes from every other, resulting in suspicions that neither was related to Mozart.
"We obtained wonderful results from Mozart"s skull. Regrettably the results from Mozart"s niece and grandmother don"t enhance with the skull, or with each other," Franz Grabner, native Austria"s state ORF television, stated last night. "It"s still an open up question whether we have the appropriate skull."
It is the latest chapter in a story which started in 1801 as soon as a gravedigger, Joseph Rothmayer, purportedly dug increase Mozart"s skull from a cemetery in Vienna. The composer was hidden there in an unmarked grave adhering to his death in 1791 in ~ the age of 35. His skeleton subsequently went missing. Yet his presumed skull - minus the reduced jaw - to be handed under to his descendants and eventually given to the Mozarteum structure in Salzburg, the town wherein the prodigy spent many of his life.
In so late 2004 researchers from Innsbruck"s academy of forensic medicine gained permission to destruction up Mozart"s relatives. They opened up the family members vault in Salzburg"s Sebastian cemetery, learning nine skeletons and numerous bones, consisting of those the Mozart"s father, Leopold, and also wife, Constanze.
In the end, though, the sexy leads come from two dusty woman skeletons supposedly belonging to Mozart"s 16-year-old niece, Jeanette, and maternal grandmother, Euphrosina Pertl. "We essential to test the mitochondrial DNA i m sorry is passed down the female line," Walther Parson, the forensic pathologist who lugged out the tests on the skull, called the Guardian. "We had complete skeletons indigenous both that them. Their bones to be in rather an excellent shape. We decided to usage the femur."
After acquisition DNA samples, researchers had actually the difficulty of exactly how to gain Mozart"s "skull" native Salzburg to your lab in Innsbruck. "We tried to insure Mozart. Yet nobody want to insure the skull," Prof Parson said.
The Mozarteum at some point transported the skull in a protection van used for bank deliveries. Prof Parson and his team then gotten rid of two that Mozart"s teeth, one of which was sent to a activities in the us for to compare tests.
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The various other tooth to be bleached and chopped in fifty percent so DNA can be extracted. A expert glued it ago together later on and placed it ago in the head. The an outcome arrived in September however was kept an enig until the broadcast.
"It"s a bizarre story," Prof Parson said. "The skull is now earlier in the Mozarteum in a locked safe." had it to be worth it, though? "My personal view is that Mozart to be the biggest musician who ever before lived top top the Earth. However I didn"t really care whether the skull was genuine or not."