Magnesium fluoride represented by the chemical formula MgF2 or F2Mg that bears the IUPAC name magnesium difluoride is a stable compound that is not hygroscopic as such and also slightly soluble in dilute acids (like nitric acid) however insoluble in alcohol. It is an ionic compound of magnesium and also fluorine and also non-polar in gaseous phase <1, 8>. In UV light it fluoresces purple <8>.
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Magnesium Fluoride Identification
|CAS Number||7783-40-6 <1>|
|PubChem CID||24546 <1>|
|ChemSpider ID||22952 <2>|
|EC Number||231-995-1 <3>|
How to Make It
Magnesium fluoride is synthesized by a reactivity in between magnesium oxide and also ammonium bifluoride <8>.
MgO + (NH4)HF2 = MgF2 + NH3 + H2O
Magnesium Fluoride Formula
Properties and also Characteristics of Magnesium Fluoride
|Molar mass/molecular weight||62.302 g/mol <1>|
|Color/appearance||White crystals <3>|
|Melting point/freezing point||1260°C, 2300°F <3>|
|Boiling point||2260°C, 4100°F <3>|
|Density||3.2 g cm-3 <3>|
|State of issue at room temperature (normal phase)||Solid <3>|
|Refrenergetic index||1.4 <3>|
|Thermal conductivity||28 W/m-K <3>|
|Hardness (Mohs scale)||6 <10>|
|Specific warm capacity||0.92 X 103 J/(kg.deg C) <10>|
|Solubility in water||No <3>|
|Crystal structure||Tetragonal <12>|
Magnesium Fluoride Structure
Lewis Dot and Cross Diagram For Magnesium Fluoride
Magnesium Fluoride UsesIn anti-reflective, multi-layer optical coatings on glass <4>.As a sturdy product for lenses that deserve to be supplied in UV and also IR light eliminating birefringence <5>.MgF2 windows are extensively provided in the deep and also vacuum UV areas. They are durable and create minimal aberrations <9>.
Is It Dangerous
The compound deserve to be acutely toxic if swallowed. It is a cause of major eye, skin and respiratory tract irritation. So inhalation need to be avoided <7>.
Magnesium Fluoride (MgF2) Price
10 g of the inorganic compound powder costs about $15 <6>.
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