Religion was a major part that life in all early civilizations. However, no all religions were the same. Religions greatly differed between polytheism and monotheism. Polytheism is the belief in more than one god. Monotheism differs from polytheism in the it is the id in a single god or magnificent being. Groups in old Mesopotamia and Egypt exercised some form of polytheism and also monotheism.

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Civilizations such as the Sumerians and old Egyptians exercised polytheism. In the Sumerian civilization, every city-state had their very own god. Sumerian faith is rooted in worshiping facets of nature. Later, Sumerian god maintained person forms and traits. Sumerians thought that their function was to serve the gods. Religious ceremonies were conducted at the holy place in the center of the city called the ziggurat. Later, Greek mythology borrowed their ideas such together naming Anu, the key Sumerian god, as King of their gods.

In ancient Egypt faith was really important. A pharaoh was the divine leader and considered both man and god.


They believed in plenty of gods and sometimes gods would certainly take form as animals. Ra to be the sun god and also king of all the gods. Egyptians believed in life after death. They thought the body was necessary in the afterlife and for this reason they would maintain the human body to it is in taken along with the soul to the afterlife. They provided a procedure called mummification to maintain bodies for the journey into the afterworld.

There room several old civilizations the were monotheistic. Zoroastrianism was the main monotheist religion in Persia. They believed in one god referred to as Ahura Mazda. Their holy book was referred to as the Avesta. Zoroastrianism also holds the belief in the duality of an excellent and evil. It is assumed to have actually influenced significant religions throughout background such together Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

The Hebrews and also Judaism are also examples the monotheistic religion. Their sacred text is the Torah. Judaism trust in one god who speaks through prophets.


The very first prophet and founder of Judaism is Abraham. Another main prophet is Moses that is believed to have actually led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt and said to have actually wandered the Sinai peninsula’s desert for 40 years.

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Polytheism and also Monotheism have actually similarities. Castle both have the belief in god(s) or divine being(s). Both id systems are considered forms that theism. Both words, polytheism and also monotheism have actually Greek language roots. In Greek, Monos method one, poly way many, and theos means god.