Understand the problem.

You are watching: Difference between comma splice and fused sentence

Comma splices and fused sentences—also known as run-ons—are sentences that contain 2 or much more main clauses incorrectly joined together.

Every main clause has actually an independent subject and also verb, which means that the clause can stand alone together a finish sentence. If you cram two or much more main clauses along with incorrect or lacking punctuation, you hurt the logical parade the ideas.

A comma splice erroneously joins two main clauses through a comma, choose this:

Main i + , +Main clause =.

A unify sentence has two main clauses joined through no punctuation at all:

Main i + Ø + key Clause =.

Know the solution.

To settle a comma splice or fused sentence, use one of the four strategies below.

Strategy 1 — make two finish sentences.

Because comma splices andfused sentence contain two (or more) main clauses, you deserve to always add a duration (a complete stop) in ~ the end of the very first clause and then start the 2nd one with a resources letter.

Read the unify sentence below:

Grandma tho rides she Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.

A break have to occur in between motorcycle and also her. To deal with the problem withStrategy 1, you revise the sentence choose this:

Grandma tho rides her Harleymotorcycle.Her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.

Strategy 2 — usage a comma and also a coordinating conjunction.

There are 7 coordinating conjunctions. Some students remember the seven by learning the wordfanboys. Each of the 7 letters that fanboys stands for among the coordinating conjunctions.

F = for;A = and;N = nor;B = but;O = or;Y = yet;S = so

Teamed up through a comma (,), these seven coordinating conjunctions have the right to correctly join two main clauses.

Consider our initial example:

Grandma tho rides she Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.

To fix the trouble with Strategy 2, you must do this:

Grandma tho rides her Harleymotorcycle,and she toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.

The necessary thing to remember through Strategy 2 is the you should use a coordinating conjunction the logically join the two complete sentences. The coordinating conjunctionbut, for example, would not job-related in the example above because the sentence is not mirroring contrast.

Strategy 3 — use a semicolon.

Unlike a comma, a semicolon (;) is a solid enough note of point to join two key clauses.

Use a semicolon prefer this:

Grandma tho rides her Harleymotorcycle;her toy poodle balances in a basket in between the handlebars.

Keep these three points in mind once you usage a semicolon:

The two main clauses that the semicolon joins should be carefully related in meaning.Limit your usage of semicolons. Semicolons are favor glasses of champagne; conserve them for distinct occasions.

Strategy 4 — usage a low grade conjunction.

When girlfriend are fixing a comma splice or fused sentence,subordinate conjunctions are the most daunting to use due to the fact that 1) over there are many subordinate link to choose from, and also 2) you need to use the right punctuation.

First, testimonial the list:

Subordinate Conjunctions
afteralthoughasas ifas lengthy asas shortly asas thoughbecausebeforeeven ifeven thoughhowifin casein order thatinsofar asjust asno matter hownow thatonceprovided thatrather thansinceso thatthanthatthoughtillunlessuntilwhenwheneverwherewhereaswhereverwhetherwhilewhy

Next, keep these general rules in mind:

Main i + Ø + low grade Clause.

Subordinate i + , +Main Clause.

Here is the original trouble sentence:

Grandma tho rides she Harley motorcycle she toy poodle balances in a basket in between the handlebars.

To settle the sentence through Strategy 4, you might revise choose this:

While Grandma rides she Harley motorcycle, her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.

Grandma rides she Harleymotorcycle together her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.

See more: What Is The Unit Used To Measure Thermal Energy And Power Units: The Basics

A good writer will certainly analyze a difficulty sentence and also then choose the best strategy to settle the error.

*
Printer Fabulous!

Home • state • exercises • Handouts • rule • PowerPoint • Canvas • Twitter •YouTube •Shop • around Robin