Why go renaissance music sound different from middle ages music? If this is a inquiry that has actually preoccupied you for part time, and also you want to learn the answer, this short article contains all the answers that you need.

You are watching: Difference between middle ages and renaissance music

Medieval music

The concept of medieval music refers to the music composed throughout the middle Ages. The is, native 500 advertisement to the 1400s. The main event that signal the start of the Middle periods is the fall of the roman Empire.

There to be two varieties of medieval music – secular and also sacred. In the an initial part that the middle Ages, the sacred or the liturgical music genre was prevailing. In the Dark ages (approximately 500 to 1000), the Gregorian chant to be dominant and also the notations used to depict music to be crude, together they only shown the key of the music compositions. By rule, in ~ the time, music to be transmitted orally native one generation come the next. 

The Gregorian chant refers to the music compositions that made up the official church repertoire that was set by Pope Gregory the 1st. The Gregorian chants are defined as monophonic vocal works and also they were performed during spiritual ceremonies by a soloist or by a huge choir. 

Later on, in the later Middle Ages, as well as during Renaissance, both sacred and also secular music was polyphonic and some the the compositions included specific indications of the rhythm and also the key of every song. This notation mechanism used to transcribe music is recognized as neumes.

Polyphony describes the usage of 2 parallel melody lines the musicians utilized in an effort to embellish the Gregorian chants. One more feature of middle ages music is the reality that it has actually no author, as many composers remain anonymous. Clergymans were no the just musicians in the medieval era. As you more than likely know, the troubadours were quite popular. 

These artists chosen to travel in groups from one city to another, and they used to perform and also sing your creations. Personal from being a composer, a troubadour was also a poet. Their compositions told story of chivalry and also romance. Yet, they additionally composed plenty of works that were very satiric and also humorous. The most popular genre of music the the troubadours performed to be the canso. Every canso to be composed using a strictly formula and also an interior rhyme scheme. 

The first troubadours started to do in recently France, more exactly in Occitania, in the later on 11th century. However, they later on spread to various other European countries such together Spain and Italy. The legacy of the troubadours ended, however, in the 14th century at the very same time as the Black fatality appeared. 

In the 14th century, a new style of medieval secular music gained popularity. This layout was recognized as the ars nova, the French tantamount for brand-new art. The surname of this layout was provided by Philippe de Vitry. Ars nova was defined by a varied rhythm and experimentation. Several of the best-known ars nova composers were Landini, Machaut, and also G. Da Cascia.

According to historians, this layout was the basis for the musical developments that deserve to be observed throughout Reissuance. 


Renaissance music

Renaissance music is the music composed during the Renaissance duration that extended from 1400 come 1600. The Renaissance era is considered one the the most abundant periods because that the arts and also science. 

If in the medieval age, music was not necessarily composed, however rather improvised, in the Renaissance, much more attention was given to the action of writing musical pieces. Also, throughout the Renaissance, the rhythm of the music to be much more buoyant. 

Given the breakthroughs in science, a brand-new tuning device was invented and also tempering was additionally utilized broadly by composers. Moreover, v the creation of the press, the distribution of music and music concept was now feasible at a bigger scale. As a result, music started to be viewed as a form of entertainment and the need for that increased. This was also made feasible because that the increase of the bourgeoisie. 

It should additionally be discussed that the Renaissance was a duration characterized through prosperity and political security and, consequently, the arts had the crucial freedom to flourish. Countless singers and also composers studied in vital cities in Europe that were known for their music education and learning systems. 

Many artists determined to settle in countries such as Italy, where they can easily uncover jobs in ~ the aristocratic courts or the cathedrals. As a result, in the 16th century, Italy was, by far, among the greatest centers the composers and also musicians checked out in an effort to discover employment.

The finest known Renaissance music composers space Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Josquin des Prez, and Claudio Monteverdi, simply to name a few. 

How is Renaissance music different from middle ages music?

From the get-go, it need to be stated that Renaissance music is a continuation of medieval music. In other words, Renaissance composers made use of middle ages music and also they developed it through adding new levels come it. 

One that the greatest differences in between the two varieties of music is in regard come their format and likewise their content. Most of the medieval music was religious music and, thus, it was created to be supplied in religious ceremonies. This is additionally underlined by the fact that most medieval signers to be priests. 

The chants sung by middle ages priests were comparable to those that one deserve to hear in monasteries, also today. In most cases, the songs to be sung without accompaniment. However, instruments were periodically used. The most popular instrument was the organ. Since of the primitive style of the medieval organ, that is keys had to be operated by vigorous blows that the fist.

Apart indigenous the organ, medieval musicians offered flutes made of wood, the dulcimeters, recorders, lutes, as well as lyres. 

Both medieval and renaissance music room alike in the truth that lock are based on church settings or a set of eight sets. According to music historians, the church modes aided composers in the development of smooth melodies.

Because church settings were unfit for developing harmonies, in the Baroque period, lock were ultimately abandoned. Rather of them, composers used 4 minor and significant scales.

When compared to medieval music, Renaissance compositions have actually a fuller sound. The composers also used chord tools to achieve a harmonious melody. The most generally used instruments during the Renaissance to be the shawm (in plenty of ways a predecessor of the oboe), for outdoor events, and also instruments with a softer sound for indoor events. 

Besides, many sacred music compositions produced in the Renaissance duration were sung in 5 to 6 voices and they were performed by groups of people. The two most renowned forms of spiritual music in the Renaissance to be the mass and the motet.

Differently from spiritual music, secular compositions were more melodic and also they featured alters of mood. This was also a an outcome of the reality that Renaissance music was, in the majority, expected for dancing.

The end of the Renaissance period is defined by the development of a extremely mannerist style of music. In various other words, composers were interested in chromaticism and also in adding complexities come the piece of music that they created. If you are interested in hearing exactly how this style of music sounded, inspect out the madrigals written by Marenzio, Luzzaschi, or Gesualdo.

Cultural shift

At a close look, it becomes apparent that the switch in between Medieval and also Renaissance music suggests a transition of the episteme. These two periods had, at their roots, different social and spiritual beliefs, and also this is visible in the form of music the was composed and sung.

See more: Which Component Of Acid Rain Kills Plants And Harms Soil, Biology Chapter 6 Test Flashcards

While middle ages music was supposed to be offered in religious celebrations, and it was, overall, much more reserved in tone and also the themes the it depicted, during the Renaissance, together the artists started to enjoy much more freedom, the music the they sang reflected this. 

Moreover, throughout the Renaissance, secular music began to be an ext and much more popular amongst the people and, thus, it developed in brand-new ways. Due to the fact that the Renaissance was a duration that aimed to adhere come the worths of Antiquity, the music no much longer reflected strict the relationship between the man and also the Creator. Instead, the artist sought to create music pieces that reflected guy in all its glory. 


Examples of Medieval and Renaissance music

The easiest means to check out the difference in between Medieval and Renaissance music is by hearne to some of the most famous music pieces. In the case of medieval music, you have the right to go online and also look for recordings of Puis qu’en oubli by Machaut. 

If you desire to hear to Renaissance music, you have the right to look for compositions by wilhelm Byrd, Palestrina, or Luzzaschi. When compared to middle ages music, Renaissance music is more diverse. Since both secular and religious music piece from the Renaissance have survived, there room plenty of recordings that you have the right to listen to.

Furthermore, in the case of Renaissance music, numerous creative ensembles have devoted in singing and also performing this sort of music. So, if you want to, girlfriend can likewise check the end the obtainable concert tours.