The Presbyterian and Pentecostal heritages are two of the most important and also influential branches of protestant Christianity. While they agree ~ above several vital biblical doctrines, lock have different opinions on certain theological ideas and Christian practices.
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The Presbyterian heritage ascribes to commitment Theology, the teachings of john Calvin, and also practices one elder-led form of church government. The Pentecostal tradition is Arminian, believes every spiritual presents are operational today, and also employs a congregational-led kind of church government.
What doctrines execute Pentecostals and also Presbyterians agree about? Why perform Presbyterians believe about speaking in tongues? Why do Presbyterians believe about speaking in tongues? Keep reading to learn more.
Also view Presbyterian vs roman inn Catholic: What’s the Difference?
Pentecostalism and Presbyterianism: What’s the Difference?
There are certain beliefs (e.g. The Trinity) and practices (e.g. Preaching the Bible) that make a legacy Christian. In ~ the Christian tradition, denominations and also churches have distinct beliefs and also practices that make them various than others.
Still, even though not all Christians space members the the exact same denomination or church, they room united in the primary tenets that the faith like the incentive of Scripture and the deity of Jesus Christ.
Pentecostalism and Presbyterianism are two heritages within Christianity that have similar core beliefs about God, Scripture, and Christ. Lock disagree about how the Holy Spirit equips people, the nature the the Lord’s Supper, just how churches must be run, and how the world will end. (Also watch Presbyterian USA vs Presbyterian Church in America: What’s the Difference?)
|What is your origin?||The modern-day expression was born in at an early stage 20th-century America. Charles Parham (1873-1929) and also William Seymour (1870-1922) considerably influenced the beforehand stages that the tradition.||Presbyterianism traces its background to the teachings of john Calvin (1509-1564) in 16th century France and John Knox (1514-1572) in 16th century Scotland.|
|What walk their name mean?||“Pentecostal” describes the very first day the Pentecost (Acts 2) once the divine Spirit come upon the at an early stage church in a unique method that enabled believers to speak in unknown languages.||The native “Presbyterian” comes from the Greek native presbyteros meaning “elder.” In wide use, it refers to the tradition rooted in Calvin and Knox. In small use, it describes a type of church government that is elder led.|
|Are lock conservative or liberal?||Pentecostals room overwhelmingly conservative and also evangelical. Come date, there has not to be a major liberal or steady movement in the tradition’s largest denominations, such together the Assemblies that God.||Modern-day Presbyterianism has actually experienced significant division on theological and also social issues. Conservatives desire to preserve 500-year-old doctrines and practices, if liberal and also progressive thinkers want to mirror alters seen in society, particularly on LGBTQ and gender issues.|
|What is your theology?||Pentecostals space Protestant, Arminian, and also believe all gifts of the holy Spirit, choose speaking in tongues, are obtainable today.||Presbyterians space Protestant, Calvinist (also known as Reformed), and also believe details gifts the the divine Spirit, favor speaking in tongues, were just for the facility of the Church in the very first century.|
|What are the biggest denominations in the tradition?||Assemblies that God is by far the largest Pentecostal denomination. It adhered to by the Church of God in Christ and the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee).||The Presbyterian Church USA (PCUSA) is the biggest denomination in the tradition, followed by the Presbyterian Church the America (PCA). The PCUSA is liberal-moderate. The PCA is conservative.*|
*On the concern of same-sex relationships, the PCUSA supports gay and lesbian marriage. <1> The PCA doesn’t support same-sex marriage. <2> favor the PCA, Assemblies of God doesn’t assistance same-sex marriage,
“We believe, in irradiate of biblical revelation, that the growing social acceptance of homosexual identity and behavior (male and female), same-sex marriage, and also efforts to readjust one’s biological sexual identification are every symptomatic the a broader spiritual disorder that threatens the family, the government, and also the church.” <3>emphasis added
Also see Presbyterian vs Baptist: What’s the Difference?
Presbyterian and also Pentecostal theology and doctrine
The historic beliefs of Presbyterianism room articulated in the Westminster Confession of Faith. The historic ideas of “Pentecostalism” aren’t uncovered in confession or creed due to the fact that the term describes a vast tradition that like-minded churches and also not any type of one denomination in particular. (Also check out Presbyterian vs Methodist: What’s the Difference?)
Assemblies that God is by much the largest Pentecostal denomination in the world and also so it’s ideas are representative of most Pentecostals. The doctrinal statement of the Assemblies the God denomination is referred to as The 16 fundamental Truths.
Readers are urged to usage the comparison chart below as a starting point for expertise the beliefs of each of these Christian traditions. To discover more, please watch The Westminster Confession of belief (link below) <5> and also The 16 an essential Truths (link below) <6>.
|Scripture||Presbyterians think in the inspiration and also authority the Scripture. Plenty of conservatives accept and also defend the state “inerrancy” (i.e. Scripture has no errors) and “infallibility” (i.e. Scripture can’t lead astray in id or practice).||Pentecostals organize to the inspiration, authority, inerrancy and also infallibility.|
|God||Presbyterians believe there is one God who exists in 3 persons. The Father, Son, and Holy soul are each totally divine.||Pentecostals think in the Trinity and also hold that each member is fully divine. So-called “Oneness Pentecostals” don’t think in the Trinity and also they don’t have actually fellowship with Trinitarian denominations choose the Assemblies that God.|
|Christ||Jesus is the second person of the Trinity. The is God in human flesh. The is 100% God and 100% man. Jesus was born that a virgin, lived a sinless life, passed away as an atonement because that sin, and also physically resurrection ~ above the third day.||Jesus is the second person that the Trinity. The is God in human flesh. He is 100% God and 100% man. Jesus was born the a virgin, live a sinless life, died as one atonement for sin, and also physically resurrection ~ above the 3rd day.|
|People||God created civilization male and also female in His own image. Because of humanity’s autumn into sin, all world are born sinners and also are in need of redemption.||God created people male and female in His own image. Because of humanity’s fall into sin, all human being are born sinners and also are in require of redemption.|
|Salvation||Jesus Christ is the only way to it is in saved. Together Calvinists, Presbyterians believe in predestination, holding that God has actually selected some, but not others, come salvation.||Jesus Christ is the only method to it is in saved. Together Arminians, Pentecostals emphasize people’s totally free will in picking faith and repentance.|
|Baptism||Presbyterians exercise infant baptism (and adult baptism) by means of sprinkling. Baptism signifies inclusion into the commitment community.||Pentecostals hold to “believer’s baptism,” definition that a person must it is in a professing Christian to be baptized. This rules out infants. Baptism is a declaration the a person has actually converted and is currently a monitor of Christ.|
|Communion||Presbyterians think Christ is spiritually present in the bread and also cup. The aspects aren’t simply symbols or reminders.||Pentecostals think the bread and also cup space symbols that remind civilization of Christ’s death for sin and also anticipate his return.|
|Holy Spirit||The divine Spirit is the third person that the Trinity. The is totally divine. The Spirit uses the salvation the the father planned and also that the son earned because that sinners. The bestows spiritual presents on believers the they room to use for the edification the the Church.||Pentecostals think that divine Spirit is divine, applies Christ’s salvation, and distributes spirituality gifts. Uneven Presbyterianism, that holds that believers have to seek and expect a second work the baptism in the divine Spirit, which is a normal endure for every Christians.|
|Speaking in tongues||Presbyterians think that details spiritual gifts, like speaking in tongues, were just for the facility of the Church in the very first century and aren’t operational because that today.||Pentecostals believe that every spiritual gifts, including speaking in tongues, are obtainable to believers today. Speak in tongues is “witnessed by the initial physical authorize of speaking with other tongues as the heart of God gives them utterance.” <5>|
|Sanctification||Sanctification refers to God’s continuous work in the stays of Christians, through the Spirit, after they are justified in Christ. Sanctification isn’t perfected in this lifetime.||Sanctification “is an plot of separation from the which is evil, and of dedication unto God.” <5> part Pentecostals believe in “perfectionism,” which holds that believers can be separated native sin in this lifetime.|
|Church||The Church is the civilization of God, made up of all believers. The “universal church” refers to all Christians, and the “local church” describes individual body of believers. The spirit leads church to disciple, evangelize, participate in worldwide missions work, and also much more.||Same general belief as Presbyterianism, however emphasizes baptism in the holy Spirit: “The Assemblies that God exists specifically to give proceeding emphasis to this factor for gift in the new Testament apostolic pattern by teaching and also encouraging believers come be baptized in the divine Spirit.” <5>|
|Divine Healing||Presbyterianism teaches the God can heal civilization today, yet that the isn’t an integral component of the gospel.||“Divine healing is an integral component of the gospel. Deliverance indigenous sickness is listed for in the atonement, and also is the privilege of every believers.” <5>|
|The Return the Christ||Presbyterians believe in the 2nd Coming of Christ.||Pentecostals believe in the second Coming of Christ.|
|Millennium||As Amillennialists, Presbyterians believe that the 1,000-year millennial power of Christ (Rev. 20:1-6) is figurative and also describes the time between Christ’s very first and 2nd coming.||As Premillennialists, Pentecostals believe that the 1,000-year power of Christ is literal and will occur after the rapture and seven-year tribulation.|
|Judgment||A final judgment is inevitable. Those not uncovered to be in Christ will certainly go come hell because that eternity. Those discovered in Christ will certainly go to heaven for eternity.||A final judgment is inevitable. Those not uncovered to be in Christ will certainly go come hell for eternity. Those discovered in Christ will go to heaven for eternity.|
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|Eternal State||Believers will certainly live v God and each in a brand-new heavens and new earth.||Same. “We, follow to His promise, look for brand-new heavens and also a brand-new earth within dwelleth righteousness.” <5>|
References:<1> Source<2> Source<3> Source<4> Westminster Confession of Faith<5> The 16 an essential Truths