PHOENICIAN SEAFARERS

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Punic ostrich egg from Villaricos The Phoenicians were the greatest seafaring world of the ancient world. They overcame trade in the Mediterranean for practically a thousand years. Words “Phoenician” is Greek because that "People of the Sea."

Phoenician seafarer commonly hugged the shore and set up your colonies and camps top top easily defended islands or peninsulas. They identified their direction by looking at the sun and the stars. For numerous years the phibìc Star was known as the Phoenician Star.

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The Phoenician cruised mostly during the day and also only in good weather in between March and also October. They headed to shore the very first sign the a storm or some various other problem. They traveled around five knot an hour. They could make 100 mile in 24 hours yet usually traveled roughly 25 come 30 miles.

The Phoenicians were vendor marines. Your ships travel under countless flags. Indigenous what can best be ascertained Phoenician ships had crews of about a fifty percent dozen sailors and the usual meal to be fish stew. Seamen carried images that god to protect them indigenous storms and pirates. Incense offerings come the gods were made at the beginning and also end the every voyage. They might also have additionally been lit on voyages during violent storms.

Phoenician Trade

Pliny as soon as wrote, the "Phoenicians invented trade." Phoenicians involved in three species of trade activities; 1) exporting material, specific cedar, from their timeless homeland in Lebanon; 2) earning transport and also middleman fees from shipping goods and also materials such as silver using its Mediterranean profession network; and also 3) regulating supply sectors in the places they colonized. The Phoenicians made huge profits offering high-end high-end items like purple cloth. Cedar from Lebanon, a very valued building material, was likewise quite profitable. They likewise moved big amounts of wine and olive oil. Trading short articles eventually flourished into colonies.Little is known around the specifically, of Phoenician trade: specifically what route they took, and also the amount and types of cargo castle carried.

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follow to the city Museum the Art:“Confined come a narrow seaside strip with restricted agricultural resources, naval trade to be a organic development. By the so late eighth century B.C., the Phoenicians, alongside the Greeks, had started trading posts about the entire Mediterranean and also excavations of countless of this centers have included significantly come our understanding of Phoenician culture.

The Phoenicians traded through the pharaohs that Egypt and carried King Solomon"s yellow from Ophir. There are Egyptian records, dating to 3000 B.C., the Lebanese logs gift towed from Byblos to Egypt. Indigenous 2650 B.C. There is document of 40 pearls towing logs. Phoenicia competed with the Greeks and also Etruscans and later the Romans. A 2,500-year-old yellow plate with Phoenician letters uncovered in Prygu, Italy in 1964 is available as proof that they traded through the Etruscans by 500 B.C., before the increase of Rome. The bulk of the trade in between the eastern and also western Mediterranean passed through the strategy waterway turn off Cape Bon, Tunisia, in between North Africa and Sicily.

Phoenician Traded goods

The Phoenicians traded purple cloth, glass trinkets, perfumed ointments, and also fish. They were the first to profession glass items at a big scale. Around the sixth century B.C. The “core glass method” the glass making indigenous Mesopotamia and also Egypt was revived under the affect of Greek ceramics equipments in Phoenicia in the east Mediterranean and also then was commonly traded through Phoenician merchants. During the Hellenistic period, high quality pieces were created using a variety of techniques, including the cast glass and also mosaic glass.

The Phoenicians flourished rich marketing timber from the hills of Lebanon. The wood was offered for do ships and also columns because that houses and temples. No Egypt no one Mesopotamia had an excellent sources that wood and also civilizations everywhere the Middle east looked to Lebanon for timber. The Phoenicians traded wood for papyrus and linen native Egypt, copper ingots from Cyprus, Nubian gold and also slaves, jars through grain and wine, silver, monkeys, valuable stones, hides, ivory and elephants tusks native Africa.

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Cedar was probably the many valuable resource of revenue for the Phoenicians. One alabaster relief indigenous the Assyrian King Sargon II, date to 700 B.C., shows the transport of logs through ship. The relief mirrors cedars logs being loaded on tiny rivercraft called hippos the carried and also pulled the logs. Papyrus to be the key item native Egypt traded because that timber. Indigenous Byblos papyrus was distributed to various other places.

Trade between the ancient Greeks and Phoenicians

after ~ the strength of the Phoenicians declined, the old Greeks ended up being the main traders and also economic strength in the Mediterranean. On the relationship between the Greeks and Phoenicians, Herodotus wrote in “Histories,” book I, "1-2 (480 B.C.): “The Phoenicians, that had previously dwelt ~ above the shores that the Persian Gulf, having migrated to the Mediterranean and worked out in the parts which they now inhabit, began at once, they say, to adventure on long voyages, freighting your vessels v the wares of Egypt and Assyria. They landed at numerous places ~ above the coast, and among the remainder at Argos, which to be then pre-eminent over all the states had now under the usual name the Hellas.

“Here they exposed your merchandise, and traded through the natives for 5 or six days; in ~ the end of this time, when almost everything to be sold, over there came under to the beach a number of women, and amongst them the daughter the the king, that was, they say, agreeing in this with the Hellenes, Io, the son of Inachus. The women were standing by the stern of the ship will upon your purchases, as soon as the Phoenicians, v a basic shout, rushed upon them. The greater component made your escape, but some to be seized and carried off. Io herself was amongst the captives. The Phoenicians put the women on board your vessel, and collection sail because that Egypt. For this reason did Io pass into Egypt, and also thus commenced the series of outrages. . . .At a later period, certain Greeks, v whose name they are unacquainted, but who would probably be Cretans, make a landing in ~ Tyre, on the Phoenician coast, and also bore off the king"s daughter, Europa. In this they only retaliated. The Cretans say the it was no them who did this act, but, rather, Zeus, enamored that the fair Europa, who disguised himself together a bull, acquired the maiden"s affections, and thence lugged her turn off to Crete, where she bore 3 sons by Zeus: Sarpedon, Rhadamanthys, and Minos, later on king of every Crete.”