aspect 82 of routine table is Lead through atomic number 82, atomic load 207.2. Lead, symbol Pb, has a Face centered Cubic structure and SlateGray color. Command is a post-transition metal element. Trivial name of lead is tetrels, crystallogens. Know everything about Lead Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.
Lead (/lɛd/) is a chemical aspect in the carbon team with symbol Pb (from Latin:plumbum) and also atomic number 82. Command is a soft, malleable and heavy post-transition metal. Metallic lead has actually a bluish-white color after gift freshly cut, however it quickly tarnishes to a dull grayish shade when exposed come air.
You are watching: Ground state electron configuration for lead
Read crucial information and facts around element Lead
|team in periodic Table||14|
|Group Name||carbon family members|
|duration in routine Table||6|
|Block in periodic Table||p-block|
|Melting allude||327.46 °C|
|Boiling suggest||1749 °C|
|Electronic shell Structure||<2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4>|
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How to locate Lead on regular Table
Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, variety of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is exact same as variety of electrons. The atomic number increases from left come right. Routine table starts at top left ( atom number 1) and also ends at bottom best (atomic number 118). Therefore you can straight look because that atomic number 82 to discover Lead on regular table.
Another method to read periodic table and locate an aspect is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Lead on regular table look because that cross section of team 14 and period 6 in the modern-day periodic table.
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Table that Contents
Atomic & orbital Properties
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Compare command with other elements
The element Lead was uncovered by Middle east in year 4000 BC in unknown ar . Lead obtained its surname from English indigenous (plumbum in Latin)
Lead Presence: variety in Nature and Around Us
The table below shows the abundance of lead in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.
|variety in world||1×10-6%|
|diversity in sunlight||1×10-6%|
|abundance in Meteorites||1.4e-06|
|Abundance in Earth"s late||9.9e-06|
|variety in seas||3×10-9%|
|variety in human beings||1.7e-06|
Crystal framework of Lead
The solid state framework of command is Face centered Cubic.
The crystal structure have the right to be defined in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in three dimensional room to type the structure.
Unit cell Parameters
The unit cell is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which space the lengths the the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)
and the angles in between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are explained by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a reference lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the decision are defined by the concept of an are groups. All feasible symmetric kinds of corpuscle in three-dimensional an are are described by the 230 an are groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are taken into consideration distinct.
|an are Group name||Fm_ 3m|| |
|an are Group Number||225|
|Crystal framework||Face focused Cubic|
Lead Atomic and also Orbital Properties
Lead atoms have actually 82 electrons and also the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4> with Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P0.
|Number of electron (with no charge)||82|
|Number that Protons||82|
|Number of Neutrons||125|
|Shell structure (Electrons per power level)||<2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4>|
|Valence Electrons||6s2 6p2|
|Oxidation State||-4;-2;-1 1;2;3;4|
|Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||3P0|
Shell structure of command - electron per power level
Ground State digital Configuration of lead - neutral command atomThe soil state electronic configuration the Neutral command atom is
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Unabbreviated electronic configuration of neutral command
Complete soil state electronic configuration because that the command atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Atomic structure of Lead
Lead atom radius is 154 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 147 pm.
|atom Radius|| |
154 pm (1.54 Å)
|Atomic Volume||18.2716049383 cm3|
|Covalent Radius||147 afternoon (1.47 Å)|
|valve der Waals Radius||202 pm|
|spirit Cross section||0.171 σa/barns|
Atomic Spectrum that Lead
Lead chemistry Properties: command Ionization Energies and electron affinity
The electron affinity of command is 35.1 kJ/mol
Ionization energy of lead
Refer to table listed below for Ionization energies of Lead
Lead physical Properties
Refer to listed below table because that Lead physics Properties
|Molar Volume||18.2716049383 cm3|
|Young Modulus||16 GPa|
|Shear Modulus||5.6 GPa|
|bulk Modulus||46 GPa|
Hardness of command - tests to measure up of Hardness that Element
|Mohs Hardness||1.5 MPa|
|Brinell Hardness||38.3 MPa|
Lead electrical Properties
lead is Conductor of electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties of lead
|electrical Conductivity||4.8×106 S/m|
|Resistivity||2.1×10-7 m Ω|
Lead Heat and Conduction Properties
|thermal Conductivity||35 W/(m K)|
|Thermal growth||0.0000289 K-1|
Lead Magnetic Properties
|massive Magnetic Susceptibility||-1.5×10-9|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||-3.11×10-10|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||-1.7e-05|
Optical properties of Lead
Acoustic properties of Lead
|rate of Sound||1260 m/s|
Lead heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics
Refer to table below for heat properties the Lead
|Melting suggest||600.61 K (327.46 °C)|
|Boiling point||2022 K (1749 °C)|
Enthalpies of Lead
|heat of fusion||4.77 kJ/mol|
|warm of Vaporization||178 kJ/mol|
|warm of burning||N/A|
Lead isotope - atom Properties of lead
Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally emerging Lead has 4 steady isotope - 204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb.
Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
|dot Hazard class||N/A|
|NFPA Fire Rating||0|
|NFPA wellness Rating||2|
|NFPA Reactivity Rating||0|
list of unique identifiers to find the element in miscellaneous chemical it is registered databases
|CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts company (CAS)||CAS7439-92-1|