Lead

aspect 82 of routine table is Lead through atomic number 82, atomic load 207.2. Lead, symbol Pb, has a Face centered Cubic structure and SlateGray color. Command is a post-transition metal element. Trivial name of lead is tetrels, crystallogens. Know everything about Lead Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Lead (/lɛd/) is a chemical aspect in the carbon team with symbol Pb (from Latin:plumbum) and also atomic number 82. Command is a soft, malleable and heavy post-transition metal. Metallic lead has actually a bluish-white color after gift freshly cut, however it quickly tarnishes to a dull grayish shade when exposed come air.

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Lead Facts

Read crucial information and facts around element Lead

surname Lead
atom Number 82
atomic Symbol Pb
Atomic load 207.2
step Solid
shade SlateGray
Classification post-transition metal
team in periodic Table 14
Group Name carbon family members
duration in routine Table 6
Block in periodic Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Melting allude 327.46 °C
Boiling suggest 1749 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4>
CAS Number CAS7439-92-1

community
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

discover our interactive regular table


How to locate Lead on regular Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, variety of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is exact same as variety of electrons. The atomic number increases from left come right. Routine table starts at top left ( atom number 1) and also ends at bottom best (atomic number 118). Therefore you can straight look because that atomic number 82 to discover Lead on regular table.

Another method to read periodic table and locate an aspect is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Lead on regular table look because that cross section of team 14 and period 6 in the modern-day periodic table.

explore Interactive routine Table come Understand and Learn Cool trends

Table that Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare command with other elements

Lead History

The element Lead was uncovered by Middle east in year 4000 BC in unknown ar . Lead obtained its surname from English indigenous (plumbum in Latin)

Lead Presence: variety in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the abundance of lead in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in world 1×10-6%
diversity in sunlight 1×10-6%
abundance in Meteorites 1.4e-06
Abundance in Earth"s late 9.9e-06
variety in seas 3×10-9%
variety in human beings 1.7e-06

Crystal framework of Lead

The solid state framework of command is Face centered Cubic.

The crystal structure have the right to be defined in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in three dimensional room to type the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cell is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which space the lengths the the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
495.08 495.08 495.08 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The positions of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are explained by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a reference lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the decision are defined by the concept of an are groups. All feasible symmetric kinds of corpuscle in three-dimensional an are are described by the 230 an are groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are taken into consideration distinct.

an are Group name Fm_ 3m
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an are Group Number 225
Crystal framework Face focused Cubic

Lead Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Lead atoms have actually 82 electrons and also the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4> with Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P0.


atom Number 82
Number of electron (with no charge) 82
Number that Protons 82
Mass Number 207
Number of Neutrons 125
Shell structure (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4>
Electron construction 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Valence Electrons 6s2 6p2
Oxidation State -4;-2;-1 1;2;3;4
Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P0

Shell structure of command - electron per power level


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Ground State digital Configuration of lead - neutral command atom

The soil state electronic configuration the Neutral command atom is 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2. The part of command configuration the is indistinguishable to the noble gas the the coming before period, is abbreviated as . For atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation deserve to become an extensive and for this reason an abbreviation notation is used.This is essential as that is the Valence electrons 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2, electron in the outermost covering that determine the chemical properties of the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration of neutral command

Complete soil state electronic configuration because that the command atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2

Atomic structure of Lead

Lead atom radius is 154 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 147 pm.

atom Radius

154 pm (1.54 Å)

Atomic Volume 18.2716049383 cm3
Covalent Radius 147 afternoon (1.47 Å)
valve der Waals Radius 202 pm
spirit Cross section 0.171 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Lead

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Lead chemistry Properties: command Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of command is 35.1 kJ/mol

Valence 4
Electronegativity 2.33
ElectronAffinity 35.1 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of lead

Refer to table listed below for Ionization energies of Lead

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 715.6
2 1450.5
3 3081.5
4 4083
5 6640

Lead physical Properties

Refer to listed below table because that Lead physics Properties

density 11.34 g/cm3
Molar Volume 18.2716049383 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 16 GPa
Shear Modulus 5.6 GPa
bulk Modulus 46 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.44

Hardness of command - tests to measure up of Hardness that Element

Mohs Hardness 1.5 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness 38.3 MPa

Lead electrical Properties

lead is Conductor of electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties of lead

electrical Conductivity 4.8×106 S/m
Resistivity 2.1×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting point 7.2

Lead Heat and Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 35 W/(m K)
Thermal growth 0.0000289 K-1

Lead Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Diamagnetic
Curie allude N/A
massive Magnetic Susceptibility -1.5×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -3.11×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -1.7e-05

Optical properties of Lead

Refractive index N/A

Acoustic properties of Lead

rate of Sound 1260 m/s

Lead heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer to table below for heat properties the Lead

Melting suggest 600.61 K (327.46 °C)
Boiling point 2022 K (1749 °C)
critical Temperature N/A
Superconducting point 7.2

Enthalpies of Lead

heat of fusion 4.77 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 178 kJ/mol
warm of burning N/A

Lead isotope - atom Properties of lead

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally emerging Lead has 4 steady isotope - 204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb.


Isotope Isotope massive % abundance T half Decay setting
178Pb
179Pb
180Pb
181Pb
182Pb
183Pb
184Pb
185Pb
186Pb
187Pb
188Pb
189Pb
190Pb
191Pb
192Pb
193Pb
194Pb
195Pb
196Pb
197Pb
198Pb
199Pb
200Pb
201Pb
202Pb
203Pb
204Pb 1.4% stable N/A
205Pb
206Pb 24.1% secure N/A
207Pb 22.1% steady N/A
208Pb 52.4% secure N/A
209Pb
210Pb
211Pb
212Pb
213Pb
214Pb
215Pb

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7439-92-1
RTECS Number RTECSOF7525000
dot Hazard class N/A
dot Numbers 3077
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA risks N/A
NFPA wellness Rating 2
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition allude N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of unique identifiers to find the element in miscellaneous chemical it is registered databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts company (CAS) CAS7439-92-1
CID Number CID5352425
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSOF7525000

Compare Lead through all Group 14 elements

command vs Carbon command vs Silicon command vs Germanium command vs Tin lead vs Flerovium

Compare Lead through all post-transition metal elements

command vs Aluminium lead vs Gallium command vs Indium command vs Tin lead vs Thallium command vs Bismuth command vs Nihonium command vs Flerovium lead vs Moscovium lead vs Livermorium