Main difference – Spores vs Seeds

Spores and also seeds room reproductive structures of plants which germinate to develop a brand-new organism of the exact same species. Some spores are emerged into male and female germ cells. The ovule consists of egg cell in flower plants. That is emerged into a seed. Spores are developed by non-flowering plants. Fungi additionally produce spores as their reproductive structures. Seed are produced by flowering plants. The main distinction between spores and also seeds is that spores do not contain save on computer food resources and require much more favorable problems for the germination whereas seed contain save food in your endosperm, permitting them to germinate in harsh problems as well.

You are watching: How do spores differ from seeds

This post explores,

1. What room Spores  – Definition, Structure, features 2. What space Seeds – Definition, Structure, Characteristics 3. What is the difference in between Spores vs Seeds


What are Spores

Spore is a reproductive unit of sexual or asexual reproduction, i m sorry is adjusted for survival after that is dispersal because that an extended duration of time under unfavorable conditions. Lock are created by plenty of plants, fungi, algae, and also protozoa. Bacter spores are resistance structures, which are used for the survive of bacteria under unfavorable conditions. Lock contain bacterial genomic DNA, surrounded by a thick cabinet wall.

Two types of algal spores room found: non-motile aplonospores and also motile, zoospores. All the reproductive spores are unicellular and haploid. They are produced in the sporangium the a diploid sporophyte by meiosis. Some vascular plants room homosporous, developing spores of very same size and type. Others space heterosporous plants, creating two species of Spores: megaspores and microspores. Spores germinate into new gametophyte by increasing the cell number by mitosis. Gametes are produced by the gametophyte. The combination of gametes creates the zygote, which is then emerged into the sporophyte.


Figure 1: Spores of the underside the a fern leaf

What space Seeds

Seeds room fertilized and ripened ovules i beg your pardon are used for sowing. An embryo is current per one seed, i m sorry is capable of occurring into a tree by germination. Hence, the seed is a propagative plant structure, i beg your pardon is often discovered inside a fruit. Seed are discovered in gymnosperms (naked seeds) and also in angiosperms (enclosed seeds). Fruit are emerged by angiosperms. Lock are crucial development in higher plants in order to make the reproduction successful. Angiosperms’ seed contains three constituents: a particle coat, an embryo, and an endosperm. The embryo sac that angiosperms undergoes dual fertilization, simultaneously occurring an embryo and also an endosperm. The embryo includes cotyledons, plumule, and radicle. The integuments the the ovule become the seeds coat. Tegmen and testa are respectively the inner and also outer seed coats. Hilum, micropyle, and also raphe space the 3 characteristic markers uncovered on the seed coat. The endosperm offers nutrients come the emerging embryo. Seeds are dispersed either by wind, water or animals. Seeds dormancy synchronizes germination till the arrival of optimal conditions. That also permits the seed to survive under unfavorable conditions. Seed in various shapes and also sizes are uncovered even in ~ the very same plant species.


Figure 2: Phaseolus vulgaris seeds

Difference between Spores and Seeds


Spores: Spores space reproductive cells, i beg your pardon are qualified of occurring into a brand-new individual without fusion of another reproductive cell.

Seeds: Seeds are ripened ovules that a flower plant.


Spores: Spores are produced by fungi and also non-flowering plants.

Seeds: Seeds are developed by flower plants.

Found in

Spores: Spores are uncovered in the underside the the pipeline of ferns and also mosses as well as the gills that fungi.

Seeds: Most of the seed are discovered inside a fruit.


Spores: Spores room microscopic.

Seeds: Seeds are macroscopic.

Produced by

Spores: Spores are developed by meiosis of the sporophyte.

Seeds: Seeds are emerged by mitosis indigenous the ovules through fertilized egg cells.


Spores: Spores are developed in big numbers.

Seeds: Seeds are created in fewer numbers.

Reproduction Type

Spores: Spores space units of asexual reproduction. Some fungi sexually reproduce by spores together well.

Seeds: Seeds room units of sexual reproduction.


Spores: Homosporous plants develop identical spores, and heterosporous plants produce big female spores and small male spores.

Seeds: Monocots develop seeds v a single cotyledon and also dicots develop spores through two cotyledons.

Cellular Complexity

Spores: Spores space unicellular.

Seeds: Seeds are multicellular.


Spores: Spores are always haploid.

Seeds: Seeds are constantly diploid.

Mode of Dispersal

Spores: Spores space mostly spread by the wind and also water.

Seeds: Seeds are distributed by animals.

Requirement for Water

Spores: Spores require more water the germination.

Seeds: Seeds require much less water because that germination. Hence, lock germinate more easily contrasted to spores.


Spores: Spores do not contain reserved food.

Seeds: Seeds contain the endosperm, which stores nutrient for the expansion of that embryo.

Survival that the Organism

Spores: Spores are less prone to survive in the environment compared to seeds.

See more: How Far Is Nashville From Dollywood By Bus, Taxi, Car Or Plane

Seeds: Seeds are much more capable of surviving in harsh conditions. 


Spores and also seeds space units that asexual and also sexual reproductions in biology respectively. Spores room haploid and unicellular if seeds are diploid and multicellular. Since seeds are multicellular structures, castle are distinguished into several parts: seed coat, embryo, and endosperm. Seed coats room protective great of the seed, protecting seed native dehydration and also predation. Spores are additionally protected by a tough cell wall. The endosperm stores required nutrients for the development of the embryo. Therefore, seeds are capable of making it through under harsh conditions when compared to spores. Hence, the main difference in between spores and seeds is based upon the capacity of each unit to make it through under unfavorable conditions.

Reference:1. Bailey, Regina. “Spores – Reproductive Cells.” ThoughtCo. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 may 2017. . 2. “Seed.” Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 12 may 2017. . 3. “Seed.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 may 2017. Web. 12 might 2017. .

Image Courtesy:1. “Spores under a fern leaf” through kaibara87 – originally posted to Flickr as Spores (CC through 2.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. “Phaseolus vulgaris seed” (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia