There room very couple of characters featured in this story due to the fact that the nameless narrators very first person account, keeps the focus on she feelings and also thoughts in this ‘diary-like’ style the writing. The main personalities are because of this those that space closest come her, herself, she husband, she sister in law Jennie and Mary the nurse.

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The Nameless Narrator

The narrator the ‘The Yellow Wallpaper’ is a young middle course wife and brand-new mother who relies totally on her husband for support. The couple take genealogical homes because that the Summer in an attempt for she husband to cure her of her “slight hysterical tendency.” movie critics have suggested however that she actually suffers from postnatal depression.

" data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="wp-image-167 size-medium" src="" alt="Illustration native The golden Book, 1934." width="264" height="300" srcset=" 264w, 528w, 132w" sizes="(max-width: 264px) 100vw, 264px" />The Nameless Narrator, illustration indigenous The gold Book Magazine, 1934.

The narrators surname is not pointed out at all v out the story, describe her lack of identity. She is just referred come in belittling state by her husband, such as “blessed little goose” or “little girl.” The duty of ladies at the time supposed that they had actually no independence and were not allowed to have actually an individual identity. The nameless narrator in the story is forbidden to perform what she enjoys most, come write, instead she have to do it in secret. This brief story composed in an initial person narration i do not care her newspaper in which she can express herself, but her consistent battle come hide her writing outcomes in a absence of self-expression which only exacerbates she illness, as her husband slowly takes away from her every little thing that renders her an individual creative person. Additionally she is ridden through guilt at what she defines as, “not being able to do my duty.” Her condition stops her from gift the wife and also mother that was intended of her. She husband also ensures that she has no physical or mental stimulation and also is to view no firm that can induce this stimulation. As a result of his regulating behaviour she transfers her an innovative expression native writing, to the wallpaper. She spends hours trying to decipher the pattern of the wallpaper, trying come in she words “follow the pointless pattern to some kind of conclusion.”

Through out the novella the narrators madness gets increasingly worse, she tone and also style of writing deteriorates v out showing her increasingly erratic mind. Notice these transforms in the extracts presented below, bring away from different sections the the text.

At the beginning of the story, she explains her hatred for the paper. Notification how she sentence length is fairly long and also her an option of words space mature, for instance the usage of ‘positively angry’ and ‘impertinence,’ indicate her ton is reasonably calm and also indifferent. However you have the right to still see her ability for story making as she explains the sample as having eyes, an early indication of her hallucinations:

“I get positively angry through the impertinence the it and also the everlastingness. Up and also down and also sideways they crawl, and also those absurd, unblinking eyes room everywhere. There is one place where two breadths didn’t match, and the eyes go all up and also down the line, one a little higher than the other.” web page 16 & 17 the the manuscript.



In the center of the story, her fascination through the record increases, as does she madness. Notice how the narrator is beginning to get attached and possessive around the paper. She sentences also start come deteriorate, shown by the shorter sentences, speeding up the pace:

“There space things in that document that nobody knows however me, or ever will. Behind that external pattern the dim shapes acquire clearer everyday. It is constantly the very same shape, only really numerous. And it is favor a mrs stooping down and also creeping about behind the pattern.” page 29 that the manuscript.


Towards the end of the story, her sentence structures fully deteriorate. There are also frequent allusions come suicide and violence, for instance she serious considers burn the home down and her hallucinations additionally worsen. She descent into madness begins to promptly increase. An alert below exactly how the use of repetition and one exclamation mark, is offered to emphasise her state that mind break down, and also her native choices end up being childlike and also simple. The usage of EM dashes are also used to rest up the sentences and also increase the pace also more:

“I wonder just how it was done and who did it, and what lock did that for. Round and round and round—round and round and round—it makes me dizzy!” web page 44 & 45 the the manuscript.



Finally, notice how she now likes the room the she is in. She sentences are also extremely short together though she is cartridge pointing what she sees and feels, and also there is also the addition of more exclamation clues to more emphasise her madness and excitable state that mind. She also wants come shock her husband, suggesting that this is an explosion of inner anger and resentment the is now releasing her native his restraints:

“I quite enjoy the room, currently it is bare again.How those youngsters did tear around here! This bedstead is relatively gnawed!But i must obtain to work.I have actually locked the door and thrown the vital down right into the prior path.I don’t want to go out, and also I don’t want to have anybody come in until John comes. I want to astonish him.” web page 53 & 54 that the manuscript.


At the very end the the novella she ultimately sees herself together the mrs behind the file and creeps around the room, her madness reaches its height. Part have suggested that the ending indicates the she has committed suicide, as she mentions the she has obtained a rope, arguing she hangs herself, whilst others think that she is merely a crazed woman crawling anywhere the floor. The ending of the story is intentionally ambiguous, together it enables the leader to pertained to their very own conclusion and also leaves them through an uncomfortable emotion in keeping with the ton of the story.


" data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="wp-image-181" src="" alt="Illustration that the narrator "creeping" over her husband indigenous The golden Book, 1934." width="410" height="227" srcset=" 410w, 820w, 150w, 300w, 768w" sizes="(max-width: 410px) 100vw, 410px" />Illustration the the narrator ‘creeping’ over her husband indigenous The gold Book Magazine, 1934.

John is the narrators husband and also a leading doctor of the time and also based on Dr. Silas Weir Mitchell, the neurologist that temporarily treated Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The narrator explains her husband as having, “no patience with faith, an intense fear of superstition, and he scoffs open at any talk of points not to it is in felt and also seen and put under in figures.” His place in society makes him a very respected gentleman, but having a mam who has “temporary nervous depression” would just hinder his reputation. This is perhaps why the is maybe to use his profession to guarantee everybody that the narrators illness is no a ‘serious’ one, as an effort to gain back his call or to stop it from being damaged further. It could also be assumed the taking genealogical homes and also preventing her from seeing firm is not only part of his therapy for her, but likewise a ploy to keep her far from the general public eye.

He is no only determined to prove to culture that over there is “really naught the matter” with his wife, however he is likewise trying to prove that to she by refusing to listen to she concerns and also insisting the she “really better.” This only results in making the case worse, together we have seen from the narrator she evidently feel repressed by she husband.

Despite this, the is clear that he does care for his wife, return the names he calls her can be viewed as belittling, lock can also be viewed as endearing. He also appears to be doing everything he have the right to for his wife, and truly believes that the treatment he is prescribing her is the best. She explains how the “gathered me increase in his arms, and also just lugged me upstairs and also laid me ~ above the bed, and also sat by me and also read come me it rotates it worn down my head.” These space not action of a man who simply wants to control his wife, they room actions that one that loves her. Arguably that is just a product of his time and therefore cannot be blamed because that actions that today would seem improper and cruel.

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The reader of the novella must additionally remember the a an initial person narration limits the point out of view open up for interpretation. The leader is just able to see one allude of view, the of the narrator, and also so need to judge whether her portrayal of she husband is a reliable one. Arguably she madness provides her an unreliable narrator. But even prior to her madness important takes over, she write in she ‘journal‘: “John laughs in ~ me, that course, yet one expects the in marriage.”

Jennie and also Mary

" data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="size-medium wp-image-185" src="" alt="Illustration the the narrator and Jennie from The gold Book Magazine, 1934." width="256" height="300" srcset=" 256w, 512w, 128w" sizes="(max-width: 256px) 100vw, 256px" />Illustration that the narrator and also Jennie indigenous The golden Book Magazine, 1934.

Jennie is the narrators sister-in-law and housekeeper because that the family. She is among the more minor characters yet plays crucial role in progressing the narrators illness. The narrator’s farming paranoia is highlighted through seeing her sister-in-law in the nursery with the yellow wallpaper, she claims “I caught Jennie v her hand on that once.” because of this Jennie acts as a tool for relocating the story along and highlighting the seriousness that the narrators illness. Jennie is additionally a prize of femininity because she is the housekeeper and as such is used to increase the narrators feeling of guilt at not being maybe to it is in the wife that was intended of her. The reader can see the pangs the jealousy in the narrators sentence, “Of course ns didn’t perform a thing. Jennie sees to whatever now.” This is likewise the case with the character Mary who is the nurse for the narrators baby. Back praised by the narrator, she is evidently a symbol because that motherhood, a duty which the narrator cannot adhere to.