Locating features Using the United says Public soil Survey mechanism (Township and also Range) and Google EarthTM

Section: The simple unit that the system, a square item of land one mile through one mile comprise 640 acres.

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Township: 36 sections i ordered it in a 6 by 6 square, measure up 6 miles by 6 miles. Sections are numbered beginning with the northeast-most ar (#1), proceeding west to 6, then southern along the west leaf of the township and to the eastern (#36 is in the SE corner).
Range: Assigned come a township by measuring eastern or west the a primary Meridian
Range Lines: The north to south lines which note township boundaries.
Township Lines: The east to west present which note township boundaries.
Principal Meridian: The reference or beginning suggest for measuring eastern or west ranges. Map that meridians & base lines indigenous the BLM centregalilee.com server
Base line: recommendation or beginning allude for measuring phibìc or south townships.

Understanding land Descriptions We"ll begin with the biggest grouping, the township. The ar of a certain township is offered using the hatchet of "township and range". The township is called in reference to a principal Meridian and a Baseline. Below is an example, T.2N., R.1E. The T.2N. Refers to Township 2 phibìc (of the Baseline), and also the R.1E. Refers to variety 1 eastern (of the major Meridian).

Next, each township is split into 36 sections. Each ar is one mile square and contains 640 acres. The sections room numbered native 1 come 36 in the order presented in the chart to the left (see the yellow squares which show a "complete" township). The various other colored squares represent "incomplete" townships.

Within each section, the soil is referred to as half and 4 minutes 1 sections. A one-sixteenth division is called a quarter of a quarter, together in the NW1/4 the the NW1/4. The descriptions are read from the smallest department to the largest.


ONE ar = 640 acres

A section is also broken down into acres. Sample descriptions room in the ( )s.
A complete section includes 640 Acres.
A fifty percent section (S1/2) has 320 Acres.
A quarter section (NE1/4) consists of 160 Acres.
An eighth section (N1/2 of NW1/4) has 80 Acres.
A sixteen section (SW1/4 the NW1/4) contains 40 Acres.
Locating a location Using USPLS floor Descriptions A land summary generally starts v the smallest component of the description and proceeds to the largest definition. For example, NW1/4 of NE1/4 of section 8, T.2N., R.1E. Would certainly be the northwest quarter of the northeast quarter of section 8 in township 3 phibìc and selection 2 east. To situate a attribute on the landscape utilizing a floor description, you should work indigenous the largest part to the the smallest part.


Step 1
As mentioned above, to find a attribute of interest, girlfriend should locate the largest component using the township and range supplied in the summary first. In this situation T.2N., R.1E. Mental the T.2N. Describes Township 2 north (of the Baseline), and the R.1E. Advert to range 1 eastern (of the principal Meridian).
Step 2 ~ you have located the exactly township, you will certainly next require to uncover the correct ar within the township. Using the instance given above the land description states section 8, T.2N., R.1E. For this reason you would look in the township discovered in step 1 for section 8.


Step 3 currently that you have located the correct section you require to find where in this section your land attribute is located. Our example says NW1/4 the NE1/4 of section 8, T.2N., R.1E. So you would first look in section 8 because that the NE1/4 that the section (shown together orange in the chart to the left.) after ~ locating the NE1/4 the the section your last step will it is in to discover the NW1/4 of that NE1/4 (shown in aqua in the graph to the left.) The fine is typically located at or close to the center of the last unit given.

Let"s look at at an example using Google EarthTM in Arizona

The image below shows the townships neighboring the intersection that the primary Meridian and also the Baseline (the township with Avondale and Tolleson to add the two directly south of them) in the State of Arizona. That theseTownships, the ones labeling T. 1 N. Space in a place one township north of Baseline (which is Baseline Road) and also those labeling T. 1 S. Space one township to the south. Range values labeled v a "W" room one township west the the major Meridian and also those v an "E" space one to the east. I have actually also significant the center of township T. 1 S., R. 2 W. (one township south of Baseline and two townships west that the principal Meridian). We will certainly zoom in ~ above the township comprise Tolleson in the next picture below.


Next we watch the township T. 1 N., R. 1 E. In addition to the 36 sections the makeup the township itself. Note the number is numbered system. Ar 1 is in the extreme NE edge of the township and we number them moving west. Drop down a row and continue numbering relocating east. Keep numbering in this fashion till we with the last section, number 36, discovered in the too much SE edge of the township. In one exercise, you are asked to identify if over there are any kind of "complete" conference townships. To determine this, you have to see every 36 sections in your totality for the whole township numbered as presented below. If any part of a section or sections is missing, then the township is no complete.

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Now, let"s look in ~ the Glendale Quadrangle through the township overlays displayed. The orange boundaries are the outlines of the townships and the purple borders are the outlines because that the individual sections. Space there any complete townships top top the Glendale Quadrangle? Look in ~ it prior to you read the answer...No, over there aren"t any type of complete townships. How countless incomplete townships are there? counting them before you review the answer...There are four incomplete townships on the Glendale map. When you need to do this on the Folsom, NM quadrangle, girlfriend will have to survey (carefully watch over) the map and determine if over there is a finish township top top the map. Provided the dimension of a township relative to a 1:24,000 map (scale of Folsom, NM quad is the very same as that for Glendale below), that is unlikely that there would certainly be an ext than one finish congressional township on the map area. Once you"ve excellent that, you should count how numerous incomplete townships over there are. Be mindful that you execute not counting the sections. Township T. 3 N., R. 1 E. Is highlighed v a more thickness orange rundown (upper left township). Any object of interest (school, house, business, etc) within this crate would have actually a USPLS designation of T. 3 N., R. 1 E. The City of Glendale would certainly be in T. 2 N., R. 2 E. To check out the divisions in between the townships, we need to zoom in come the edge of the map area and also look because that the red text. The image listed below this huge map reflects an enlargement of such a division along the top edge that the map (where the orange township border intersects the map edge). See below where the orange heat separates R. 1 E. Native R. 2 E.