Some delay pedals enable you come specifically set the delay time in milliseconds (ms). If friend can collection a specific delay time, girlfriend can achieve a great rhythmic delay that fits in with any kind of song you’re playing. To be able to do this though, you require to transform the song’s tempo into milliseconds. This overview will define how to perform this.

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I’ll additionally explain different hold-up settings you have the right to experiment with your gear, just how to work out the length of a track (or section) by the BPM, and much more useful things you have the right to do with BPM or ms.


Table that Contents show
1 Why learning Milliseconds Is useful
2 BPM to multiple sclerosis Formula
3 BPM to ms Calculator
4 quick BPM to ms recommendation Table
4.1 exactly how to occupational out times for higher tempos
4.2 just how to work out time for reduced tempos
5 Different hold-up Settings To shot Out
5.1 Eighth keep in mind slapback
5.2 16th rhythmic result
5.3 four beat delay
6 working Out size of a song or part by BPM
6.1 exactly how to occupational out how many bars is in a 5-minute track
6.2 how to work out how numerous bars is 30 secs
6.3 just how long is one bar
6.4 associated Guides and also Lessons:

Why understanding Milliseconds Is Useful

Converting BPM to ms is handy whenever you want to sync increase a time-based result to a rhythm. Being able to precisely sync a hold-up pedal come the to win of a song can create some amazing rhythmic effects.

Some hold-up pedals offer you the ability to set an exact delay time in milliseconds. The Strymon Timeline together shown below is an instance of this in action:

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You have the right to see that the delay has been set to 705ms. Being able come dial in the hold-up to the exact millisecond enables you to line it up perfect to the rhythm she playing.

To have the ability to make the most of delay pedals or various other time-based gear, you need to be able to convert your song’s tempo native BPM (beats per minute) to multiple sclerosis (milliseconds).

Use the below formula, calculator, and also chart to discover the precise settings you require for any tempo.

BPM to ms Formula

There room 60,000 millisecond in a minute for this reason if you desire to occupational out exactly how long a win is in milliseconds for any kind of tempo, merely follow the below formula:

60,000 / BPM = one beat in milliseconds

Example 1: 60,000 / 100 bpm = 600ms

This method that if you want to collection your hold-up pedal for a one beat delay and the tempo is 100 bpm, friend should collection your pedal come 600ms.What if you want to set your delay to repeat eighth notes? just halve the time for one beat. For this reason an eighth keep in mind at 100 bpm is 300ms (600 / 2).

Example 2: 60,000 / 85 bpm = 705.88ms

This means that if you want to set your hold-up pedal for a half-beat hold-up and the tempo is 85 bpm, friend should collection your pedal come 353ms (705.88ms / 2 = fifty percent a beat).

In this example the specific time the a beat is 705.88ms, therefore it’s crucial not to ring it off to 706 before calculating the length of different notes. Relying on what she calculating, rounding off prior to the calculation have the right to throw your answer out rather a bit.

Always remember that this simple formula works out what one to win is in milliseconds, therefore if you desire to set it to 8th notes, 16th note or anything else, friend will have to work out the difference as shown later.

BPM to ms Calculator

Use the listed below calculator to quickly work out the moment in milliseconds for a given tempo. It can also work out the time for a dotted-eighth note hold-up in milliseconds.

Simply enter the time in BPM and it will instantly occupational out the moment in ms for you.


Quick BPM come ms recommendation Table

Use this table as a quick way to figure out a note size in multiple sclerosis at any tempo. This table is because that music with a 4/4 time signature. Therefore if you want the delay to last whole bar (4 beats), you would look at the time in the very first column under ‘Whole Note’.

You deserve to still use this table for time signatures such as 6/8, yet the difference would be that the obelisk labeled ‘Quarter’ will certainly be identical to one eighth note in 6/8 time.

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How to work-related out time for greater tempos

If the tempo you desire to convert is end 140 bpm, just halve your target tempo, climate halve the ms time shown for the tempo. Eg: to occupational out one eighth note at 160 bpm, you would certainly look in ~ the 80 bpm row – which reflects 375 ms because that an eighth note, climate halve that. 375 ms / 2 = 188 ms. For this reason an eighth keep in mind at 160 bpm is 188 ms.

How to work-related out time for lower tempos

If the tempo you desire to convert is reduced than 60 bpm, simply dual your target tempo, then dual the ms time displayed for that tempo. Eg: to occupational out an eighth note at 40 bpm, you would look on the 80 bpm heat – which mirrors 375 ms for an eighth note, then double that. 375 multiple sclerosis x 2 = 750 ms. Therefore an eighth keep in mind at 40 bpm is 750 ms.

Different delay Settings To shot Out

There room so numerous different ways you can use a delay pedal in a rhythmic way. Right here are a few ideas to obtain you started:

Eighth note slapback

Set your hold-up pedal to repeat her signal when (called a slapback delay) v a high mix. Collection a metronome come 120 bpm and set your pedal come an eighth note hold-up which is 250ms if girlfriend look top top the table. Now, whatever you play will be repetitive after an eighth note.

Try playing an eighth note scalar run in addition to the metronome (just to gain used come the tempo). Climate experiment v random eighth notes in any type of scale so you have the right to see just how the delayed note will harmonize over your playing.

Check the end my an easy Lesson top top Slapback hold-up to experiment with this format of delay.

Dotted eighth note delay

This is an extremely common together it create a an excellent rhythmic impact with an interesting pulse. When some hold-up pedals will have actually a specific setting to allow a dotted eighth delay, rather won’t. The BPM to ms calculator previously can calculate the hold-up time in ms because that a dotted eighth delay.

16th rhythmic effect

With this setting, you will certainly be play a solitary chord once per bar and also the hold-up pedal will repeat it as a 16th keep in mind rhythm. Collection your metronome to 80 bpm and collection your delay pedal come 188ms which is 16th notes on the table.

Now change your hold-up pedal to repeat the signal at least 16 times before it fades out. Merely play a chord at the begin of each bar and listen to how the pedal will create a 16th keep in mind rhythm end the bar. Pat the chord staccato and also listen to how the rhythm creates a really choppy sound.

Let the chord ring the end for the complete bar and also listen to just how it blends the delayed chords together. This is a great effect because that rhythm parts.

Four beat delay

With this effect, you are developing a an extremely slow slapback. Set the mix high and the repeat low. Collection your metronome come 90 bpm and your hold-up pedal to repeat after 4 beats. Looking at the table the is the an initial column – 2667ms.

Keep in psychic this will be the end of variety for most analog pedals for this reason if you have an analog pedal and want to shot this effect, friend will have to use a higher tempo. For example, the maximum hold-up for the MXR Carbon Copy is 600ms – so if you use that pedal, girlfriend would need to use a 400 bpm tempo to obtain this effect!

So if you can collection your pedal to 2667ms, begin your metronome and also play a solitary note over the entire four bars, then adjust to a various note over the next four bars. You will certainly hear the delayed keep in mind harmonize end the peak of your playing.

Add vibrato to each note and also use a method called ‘violining’ which requires rolling the volume up and down with your little finger of her fretting hand.

Working Out size of a tune or component by BPM

By converting BPM to ms, you deserve to now work-related out the size of time a section of music lasts. This have the right to be handy as soon as recording or composing music. It’s additionally handy if you want to combine samples or recordings in her live music while keeping time of everything.

Here are some instances of this in action:

How to occupational out how many bars is in a 5-minute song

Let’s say you have a five-minute song and you want to work out how countless bars is in that without sit down and counting them. If you know the BPM and also time signature, we deserve to do this easily.

If the tune uses four beats every bar (4/4 time) and also the tempo is 120bpm, here’s how to work-related out how plenty of bars fits in 5 minutes:

The BPM tells united state how numerous beats every minute, 120. Over there are 4 beats per bar, so that method there space 30 bars per minute (120 / 4). That means a five-minute song has actually 150 bars (30 x 5).

If you have any type of time signature or tempo alters in the song, you’ll need to breakdown your song into sections, work out the size of each section, then add them earlier up.

How to work out how many bars is 30 seconds

If you have actually a 30-second break in the center of a song and you want to occupational out how plenty of bars are in that 30 seconds, every you need to understand is the tempo and time signature.

Let’s speak it’s a 4/4 song at 80bpm. That way there room 80 beats every minute. 4/4 time way there are 4 beats per bar, for this reason there space 20 bars per minute (80 / 4). 30 secs is half a minute, therefore that method we have actually 10 bars in 30 seconds (20 / 2).

How lengthy is one bar

To job-related out the length of one bar in seconds, every you need is to understand the BPM and time signature. Follow these examples to job-related out the length of one bar in seconds.

If your track is in 4/4 time (four beats every bar) in ~ a tempo that 120 bpm, you know that there room 120 beats every minute. That means 0.5 seconds per win (60 secs / 120 beats). There are four beats per bar, so one bar lasts for 2 seconds (0.5 x 4).

If your song is in 3/4 time (three beats per bar) at a tempo of 150 bpm, you know that there are 150 beats per minute. That method 0.4 secs per to win (60 secs / 150 beats). There are three beats every bar, therefore one bar lasts because that 1.2 seconds (0.4 x 3).

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