Would you choose to understand about Spanish numbers, and also exactly how to count from 1-100 in Spanish?
In this post, I share every little thing you have to know about numbers in Spanish. I cover what the Spanish numbers are, examples of how to usage them, and also so a lot even more.
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In case you were wondering exactly how to say “numbers” in Spanish, it’s números. Words for “number” in Spanish is número.
So, let"s learn some números, beginning via Spanish cardinal numbers!
Spanish for Numbers 1-10
Let"s start through the basics. Here are the cardinal numbers in Spanish from 1-10:
1 – uno2 – dos3 – tres4 – cuatro5 – cinco6 – seis7 – siete8 – ocho9 – nueve10 – diez
1 – 100 Spanish Numbers
Now for the Spanish numbers 1 to 100. After you"ve check out these, I"ll explain some tricks for remembering them.
|1 uno||2 dos||3 tres||4 cuatro||5 cinco|
|6 seis||7 siete||8 ocho||9 nueve||10 diez|
|11 once||12 doce||13 trece||14 catorce||15 quince|
|16 dieciséis||17 diecisiete||18 dieciocho||19 diecinueve||20 veinte|
|21 veintiuno||22 veintidós||23 veintitrés||24 veinticuatro||25 veinticinco|
|26 veintiséis||27 veintisiete||28 veintiocho||29 veintinueve||30 treinta|
|31 treinta y uno||32 treinta y dos||33 treinta y tres||34 treinta y cuatro||35 treinta y cinco|
|36 treinta y seis||37 treinta y siete||38 treinta y ocho||39 treinta y nueve||40 cuarenta|
|41 cuarenta y uno||42 cuarenta y dos||43 cuarenta y tres||44 cuarenta y cuatro||45 cuarenta y cinco|
|46 cuarenta y seis||47 cuarenta y siete||48 cuarenta y ocho||49 cuarenta y nueve||50 cincuenta|
|51 cincuenta y uno||52 cincuenta y dos||53 cincuenta y tres||54 cincuenta y cuatro||55 cincuenta y cinco|
|56 cincuenta y seis||57 cincuenta y siete||58 cincuenta y ocho||59 cincuenta y nueve||60 sesenta|
|61 sesenta y uno||62 sesenta y dos||63 sesenta y tres||64 sesenta y cuatro||65 sesenta y cinco|
|66 sesenta y seis||67 sesenta y siete||68 sesenta y ocho||69 sesenta y nueve||70 setenta|
|71 setenta y uno||72 setenta y dos||73 setenta y tres||74 setenta y cuatro||75 setenta y cinco|
|76 setenta y seis||77 setenta y siete||78 setenta y ocho||79 setenta y nueve||80 ochenta|
|81 ochenta y uno||82 ochenta y dos||83 ochenta y tres||84 ochenta y cuatro||85 ochenta y cinco|
|86 ochenta y seis||87 ochenta y siete||88 ochenta y ocho||89 ochenta y nueve||90 noventa|
|91 noventa y uno||92 noventa y dos||93 noventa y tres||94 noventa y cuatro||95 noventa y cinco|
|96 noventa y seis||97 noventa y siete||98 noventa y ocho||99 noventa y nueve||100 cien|
Take a look and attempt to spot the trends. I recommend you follow these measures to gain all the numbers into your head:Discover the numbers for 1-15. There"s no real pattern, you just have to learn them: uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez, as soon as, doce, trece, catorce, quince. Discover the numbers for the multiples of ten: veinte, treinta, cuarenta, cincuenta, sesenta, setenta, ochenta, noventa. A few tips to help you remember: • Other than veinte, they all finish in -enta • Other than veinte (again), they all have a clear partnership via the associated smaller number: cuatro cuarenta, ocho ochenta, etc.
Then, you have the right to fill in the gaps through a simple formula:For numbers from 16-19, take the rightmost digit and also say “diez + y + (digit)”. E.g. 17 = “diez + y + siete” = “diez y siete”, which contracts to diecisiete. This is a lot prefer just how in English 16 is “six-ten” i.e. “sixteen”.For numbers over twenty, simply take the “tens” number (veinte, treinta, etc.) and the “ones” number (uno, dos, etc.) and stick y (“and”) in the middle. E.g. 31 = “thirty and also one” = treinta y uno.The only added point to be conscious of is that numbers from 21-29 gain contracted into a solitary word – so instead of “veinte y cuatro”, it"s “veinticuatro”.
Finally, don’t forget:zero – cero (this one should be easy to remember!)100 – cien (note the link via English words prefer “century” or “percent“.)
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Counting Spanish Numbers 1 – 1000+
For numbers from 100 to 199, use ciento:101 – ciento uno129 – ciento veintinueve195 – ciento noventa y cinco
(Note that you don"t must include y after ciento – it"s ciento uno, not ciento y uno.)
For numbers from 200 to 999, you have to initially learn the multiples of 100.200 – doscientos300 – trescientos400 – cuatrocientos500 – quinientos600 – seiscientos700 – setecientos800 – ochocientos900 – novecientos
These numbers have masculine and feminine forms, and so they have to agree with the noun:setecientas personas – “salso hundred people”ochocientos libros = “eight hundred books”
The only 2 new words you must learn are mil (1,000) and un millón (1,000,000).
Note: 1,000 is mil, not un mil. For un millón, you can not leave out the un.
The just time you"ll see un mil is in numbers prefer cuarenta y un mil (41,000). You should put an un in this number to differentiate it from cuarenta mil (40,000).
Forming new numbers via mil and un millón is pretty straightforward as well:1,000 – mil1,001 – mil uno (not “mil y uno”!)1,686 – mil seiscientos ochenta y seis2,001 – dos mil uno20,000 – veinte mil100,000 – cien mil483,382 – cuatrocientos ochenta y tres mil trescientos ochenta y dos1,000,000 – un millón6,492,000 – seis millones cuatrocientos noventa y dos mil
Finally, note that when you"re using un millón or millones with a noun, you must use de. For instance, “one million books” is un millón de libros. Literally, “one million of books”.
Billions and also Trillions in Spanish (They’re Not What You Think)
What execute you think the Spanish words billón and trillón mean? Did you guess “billion” and “trillion”? Sadly, points aren"t that simple.
In the English-speaking civilization, a “billion” is one thousand millions (1,000,000,000) and a “trillion” is one thousand billions (1,000,000,000,000). In other words, eincredibly “step up” involves multiplying by 1,000.
Not everyone does it like this! Our means is referred to as the “short scale” numbering system. But many kind of countries roughly the world – consisting of most Spanish-speaking nations – usage the “lengthy scale” mechanism.
In this device, a “billion” is one million millions, and also a “trillion” is one million billions. Rather than multiplying by a thousand also each time, you multiply by a million.
So Spanish words favor billón don"t “match up” with their English counterparts choose you could expect:un millón – one million = 1,000,000un millardo (or “mil millones”) – one billion = 1,000,000,000un billón – one trillion = 1,000,000,000,000mil billones – one quadrillion = 1,000,000,000,000,000un trillón – one quintillion = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000
(By the way, in the past, Amerideserve to English offered the short-range device while British English provided the long-range mechanism. This is no much longer true – all dialects of English now use the short-scale mechanism.)
How Do You Pronounce Spanish Numbers?
So just how perform you say Spanish numbers? If you have actually trouble pronouncing the words, then take a listen to this video:
Spanish for “One”: Un, Uno, or Una?
Spanish doesn"t distinguish in between “one” and “a” in the very same means that English does. Un libro can suppose “a book” or “one book”.
When you think about it, those 2 phrases mean the exact same thing; the only distinction is in focus.
But the word uno alters to match the gender of the noun it defines. Before a feminine noun, it becomes una. Before a masculine noun, you drop the o and just usage un.
Some examples:Un libro – “a book/one book”. Drop the “o” from uno bereason it"s followed by a masculine noun.Una mesa – “a table/one table”. Change uno to una because it"s adhered to by a feminine noun.Tengo uno – “I have actually one”. Uno is unreadjusted bereason it"s not complied with by a noun.“¿Hay preguntas?” “Solo una.” – “Any questions?” “Only one”. In this case, you usage una bereason you"re referring to a pregunta (“question”), which is a feminine word.
Spanish for 100: Cien or Ciento?
The number 100 deserve to be interpreted right into Spanish as either cien or ciento. What"s the difference?
You should usage cien once you have specifically one hundred of something:Cien personas – one hundred peopleCien libros – one hundred books
Use ciento as part of a bigger number, choose ciento uno for “one hundred and one”.
Breaking Up Spanish Numbers: Dots or Commas?
In English, it"s conventional to break up huge numbers with a comma eexceptionally three digits to assist readcapability. So instead of writing “1048710123901”, we compose “1,048,710,123,901”.
We also mark the decimal point through a dot, so “one half” is “0.5”.
Be careful! In Spanish-speaking nations – as in many kind of various other components of the civilization – these conventions are reversed. They usage a comma for decimals and break up huge numbers through dots. Or, they put an area in between eextremely 3 digits.
So my 2 examples over would certainly be composed as “1.048.710.123.901” (or “1 048 710 123 901”) and “0,5”.
How to Say “…and a Half” in Spanish
In English, we regularly abbreviate the names of numbers by saying “… and also a half”, “… and also a third”, and also so on.
So rather of saying “2 thousand 5 hundred”, an English speaker might say “two and a half thousand”. Instead of “one million five hundred thousand”, they can say “one and also a half million”.
I often notification Spanish human being getting this wrong once they stop English. They put the “and a half” in the wrong place – instead of saying (for example) “one and also a half million”, they say “one million and a half”. That"s because they"re translating straight from exactly how they"d say in Spanish – un millón y medio.
Try not to make the opposite mistake when you stop Spanish. Say un millón y medio, not un y medio millón.
Ordinal Numbers in Spanish
So much I’ve only talked around cardinal numbers – one, 2, three, and so on. You additionally need to learn the ordinal numbers – initially, second, third, fourth, and so on.
Here are the initially ten:
Ordinal numbers are adjectives that should agree through the noun. But unchoose the majority of Spanish adjectives, they go before the noun, not after:el segundo libro – “the second book”las primeras flores – “the initially flowers”
Note that primero and tercero drop the “o” prior to a singular masculine noun:el primer día – “the first day”el tercer hijo – “the 3rd son”
To develop ordinal numbers over 10, you should learn the numbers for the multiples of ten:
Then fill in the gaps by combining numbers from the above two tables, such as vigésimo segundo for “22nd”.
Remember that both components of the number must agree with the noun: “the 2second person” would certainly be la vigésima segunda persona.
For numbers from “11th” to “19th”, it’s more prevalent to write them as one word than two. Such as decimoprimero for “11th”.
Examples of How to Use Spanish Numbers
You’ve learned the numbers, yet how execute you usage them? After all, there are many instances where we use numbers everyday. Things favor time, the day, our age, and so on.
So here are some examples to assist you acquire started:
Time:1:10 – la una treinta3:25 – las tres vienticinco
Date:September 10 – el diez de septiembreJanuary 1 – el primero de enero
Age:10 years old – (tener) diez años37 years old – (tener) treinta y siete
As Adjectives:Two publications – dos libros300 flowers – trescientas flores
Prices:$2.20 – dos
Math:3 + 3 = 6 – tres más tres son seis10 – 2 = 8 – diez menos dos child ocho
Numbers in Spanish: How Do You Discover Them?
Here’s a funny story around Spanish numbers:
In 2008 the American footround player Chad Johnchild legally changed his last name to “Ochocinco”. This brand-new moniker was a referral to his jersey number: 85. The problem – as you’ll currently know – is that ocho-cinco does not mean “eighty-five”. The correct Spanish is ochenta y cinco. It"s unrecognized whether Chad was aware of this mistake as soon as he made the name change. (In 2012, he adjusted his last name back to “Johnson”.)
Now you’ve read this post, you’re not going to make a mistake choose that.
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Next, you can learn the 101 core Spanish words to start speaking quick. Or spice up your Spanish through synonyms.