Indium

aspect 49 of periodic table is Indium v atomic number 49, atomic weight 114.818. Indium, price In, has actually a focused Tetragonal structure and Silver color. Indium is a post-transition steel element. Trivial name of Indium is triels, icosagens. Know everything around Indium Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


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Indium is a chemical element with price In and atomic number 49. The is a post-transition metallic element that is rarely in Earth"s crust. The steel is very soft, malleable and easily fusible, v a melt point greater than sodium, but lower than lithium or tin.

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Indium Facts

Read key information and also facts about element Indium

surname Indium
atom Number 49
atom Symbol In
Atomic load 114.818
step Solid
shade Silver
Classification post-transition metal
group in routine Table 13
Group Name boron household
period in routine Table 5
Block in routine Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 4d10 5s2 5p1
Melting suggest 156.6 °C
Boiling allude 2072 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 8, 18, 18, 3>
CAS Number CAS7440-74-6

neighborhood
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

check out our interactive routine table


How to find Indium on regular Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, variety of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is very same as variety of electrons. The atomic number boosts from left to right. Regular table beginning at peak left ( atomic number 1) and ends at bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). Thus you can directly look because that atomic number 49 to find Indium on routine table.

Another way to read regular table and also locate an element is by using team number (column) and period number (row). To find Indium on regular table look for cross section of group 13 and duration 5 in the modern periodic table.

check out Interactive regular Table come Understand and Learn Cool patterns

Table the Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Indium with various other elements

Indium History

The aspect Indium was found by Ferdinand Reich in year 1863 in Germany . Indium derived its surname from indigo

Indium Presence: variety in Nature and Around Us

The table listed below shows the abundance of Indium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in universe 3×10-8%
diversity in sun 4×10-7%
variety in Meteorites 4.4×10-6%
Abundance in Earth"s tardy 1.6e-07
abundance in seas 1×10-11%
abundance in human beings N/A

Crystal framework of Indium

The solid state framework of Indium is Centered Tetragonal.

The decision structure deserve to be defined in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats chin in 3 dimensional space to form the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cell is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which space the lengths of the cell edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
325.23 325.23 494.61 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are explained by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a referral lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the decision are defined by the concept of room groups. All possible symmetric kinds of corpuscle in three-dimensional space are defined by the 230 room groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are thought about distinct.

an are Group surname I4/mmm
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room Group Number 139
Crystal structure Centered Tetragonal

Indium Atomic and Orbital Properties

Indium atoms have 49 electrons and the digital shell framework is <2, 8, 18, 18, 3> through Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2.


atomic Number 49
Number of electrons (with no charge) 49
Number the Protons 49
Mass Number 115
Number of Neutrons 66
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 18, 3>
Electron configuration 4d10 5s2 5p1
Valence Electrons 5s2 5p1
Oxidation State -5;-2;-1 1;2;3
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2

Shell structure of Indium - electron per power level


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Ground State digital Configuration that Indium - neutral Indium atom

The soil state digital configuration that Neutral Indium atom is 4d10 5s2 5p1. The section of Indium configuration the is equivalent to the noble gas the the coming before period, is abbreviated together . Because that atoms with many electrons, this notation have the right to become prolonged and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is necessary as the is the Valence electron 4d10 5s2 5p1, electron in the outermost shell that recognize the chemical properties the the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Indium

Complete floor state electronic configuration because that the Indium atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p1

Atomic framework of Indium

Indium atomic radius is 156 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 144 pm.

atomic Radius

156 pm (1.56 Å)

Atomic Volume 15.7069767442 cm3
Covalent Radius 144 pm (1.44 Å)
van der Waals Radius 193 pm
neutron Cross ar 194 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Indium

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Indium chemical Properties: Indium Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of Indium is 28.9 kJ/mol

Valence 3
Electronegativity 1.78
ElectronAffinity 28.9 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Indium

Refer to table listed below for Ionization energies the Indium

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 558.3
2 1820.7
3 2704
4 5210

Indium physical Properties

Refer to below table for Indium physical Properties

density 7.31 g/cm3
Molar Volume 15.7069767442 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 11 GPa
Shear Modulus N/A
mass Modulus N/A
Poisson proportion N/A

Hardness that Indium - tests to measure of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness 1.2 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness 8.83 MPa

Indium electrical Properties

Indium is Conductor of electricity. Describe table listed below for the electric properties the Indium

electric Conductivity 1.2×107 S/m
Resistivity 8×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting point 3.41

Indium Heat and also Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 82 W/(m K)
Thermal development 0.0000321 K-1

Indium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic kind Diamagnetic
Curie allude N/A
fixed Magnetic Susceptibility -1.4×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -1.61×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -1.02e-05

Optical nature of Indium

Refractive index N/A

Acoustic nature of Indium

speed of Sound 1215 m/s

Indium heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer come table listed below for heat properties the Indium

Melting point 429.75 K (156.6 °C)
Boiling allude 2345 K (2072 °C)
critical Temperature N/A
Superconducting allude 3.41

Enthalpies of Indium

warm of blend 3.26 kJ/mol
warmth of Vaporization 230 kJ/mol
heat of burning N/A

Indium isotope - nuclear Properties that Indium

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally occurring Indium has 1 stable isotope - 113In.


Isotope Isotope mass % diversity T half Decay setting
97In
98In
99In
100In
101In
102In
103In
104In
105In
106In
107In
108In
109In
110In
111In
112In
113In 4.29% secure N/A
114In
115In 95.71%
116In
117In
118In
119In
120In
121In
122In
123In
124In
125In
126In
127In
128In
129In
130In
131In
132In
133In
134In
135In

Regulatory and also Health - Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-74-6
RTECS Number RTECSNL1050000
period Hazard class 4.1
dot Numbers 3089
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating N/A
NFPA dangers N/A
NFPA health Rating N/A
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A
Autoignition allude N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of unique identifiers to find the facet in miscellaneous chemical it is registered databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts business (CAS) CAS7440-74-6
CID Number CID5359967
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSNL1050000

Compare Indium through all Group 13 elements

Indium vs Boron Indium vs Aluminium Indium vs Gallium Indium vs Thallium Indium vs Nihonium

Compare Indium with all post-transition metal elements

Indium vs Aluminium Indium vs Gallium Indium vs believe Indium vs Thallium Indium vs lead Indium vs Bismuth Indium vs Nihonium Indium vs Flerovium Indium vs Moscovium Indium vs Livermorium