a)The board of director has dubbed an emergency meeting.Q1)Does \"the board of directors\" always need a singular verb?Q2)Can I use \"have\" instead?_________________________________b)A team of us are going to take a boat through the French canals.Q1)Does \"a team of us\" constantly need a many verb?Q2) can i usage \"is\" instead?Thanks!
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i think the both \"Board that Directors\" and \"group\" fit a group of nouns that deserve to be singular if friend think of the human being in them together a unit, or many if friend think that them as individuals.In enhancement to the principle of a complete unit vs. A group of numerous individuals, it is more usual to usage the plural verb with cumulative nouns in brothers English than in American English.There space two many information postings in the Grammar Exchange Archives. Look under \"Nouns,\" and then under \"collective.\"Rachel
Thanks, Rachel.Let me check myself:a)The plank of directors called an emergency meeting.b)A group of united state walking to take a watercraft through the French canals.You think:In every sentence, either one is fine.In American English, a singular verb is preferred. But British English is a tiny different. Am i right?Sentence a) is from Longman finish Course because that the TOEFL test by Deborah Philips. It\"s American English. The book says the \"have\" is not correct and that it should be \"has\". Carry out you agree? \"Preferred\" or \"not preferred\" and also \"correct\" or \"not correct\" room different, aren\"t they? Sentence b) is from handy English intake by Micheal Swan, which i am sure you know. It deals mainly with brothers English. The book says the \"is\" is no correct. Perform you agree?It appears to me that there are not definite rules around collective nouns. Can you examine one much more sentence below? ns think it\"s make by a Korean.A trio of guys _______ to sing.a) to be scheduledb) were scheduledThe prize is a). But natives usage either one. Am ns right? assist ME!Thanks!
my half-penny:I would go in addition to (a) as the far better choice.And currently here\"s a ascendancy of thumb, Kis: If you have a collective noun and also use the 3rd person singular in the present or previous with be or in the an easy present with all other verbs, girlfriend won\"t walk wrong. (Of food this ascendancy doesn\"t apply to collective nouns that are universally accepted as taking 3rd person plural choose police and people.)It\"s the British that seem to be more hung up on even if it is to to speak the household is or the family members are, no the Americans, and also you can\"t be faulted for utilizing the 3rd person singular form consistently. I hope that helps, my friend. Richard
I\"m reposting the recommendation in the Archives right here,Collective noun 1Q:\"The federal government is\" or \"the government are\"? I\"ve heard both ways. Which is correct?HGnedlog
hotmail.comA: that depends. \"Government\" and also several other cumulative nouns\"”such together \"audience,\" \"committee,\" \"crew,\" \"jury,\" and also \"team\"\"”sometimes take a singular verb and sometimes take it a plural verb.One factor to consider is whereby you are. In England, they frequently say \"the federal government are.\" In phibìc America, they say \"the federal government is.\" these nouns have tendency to take a many verb in brother English, and a singular verb in American English.A more powerful factor, however, is what you space thinking: space you thinking of the government (or an additional collective noun) together one unit, together a entirety group? If so, the pronouns, possessives and also verbs referring to the noun space singular:(a)The federal government is having much success in promoting itsitter campaign.(b)The committee has actually three an ext weeks to complete itsinvestigation. Room you thinking much more of the people who consist of the group? In the case, you room thinking in a more personal way, and the pronouns, possessives and also verbs introduce to the noun space plural:(c)The government\"”all they desire is to make a quick buck.(d)The committee space going to inspection the issue in their very own time.Collective nouns (2) QWhen it concerns subject-verb concord, how do you teach collective nouns such together committee, family and also government? The usual statement that they are singular when treated together a single unit and plural when their members room taken into factor to consider is nearly of tiny value to learners of English. What one think is singular might be many to another.And to do matters worse, there is allegedly a difference between AmE and BrE ~ above this issue.Suppose that our students room asked to to fill in the complying with blanks:1.The room ______ (meet) every week.2. The family ______ (be) listening to the radio.3.The committee _____ (be) split in opinion.4.The football team _____ (be) having actually baths and _____ (be) then coming earlier here for tea.5.The government _____ (have) inquiry the country to decide by a vote. Room there any PRACTICAL rule to be available to our students?Chuncan Feng jhfcc
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mail.jhptt.zj.cnwww.eduscitech.comChina post 06 October 2002 A: having actually consulted Quirk,* Huddleston,** Biber,*** and also others, I\"m afraid that I have actually found tiny further details with handy value various other than what friend have currently mentioned – that as soon as the speak perceives a singular unit, s/he offers a singular verb, and also when the speaker perceives different items, s/he uses a plural verb.You are additionally correct when you cite the BrE/AmE distinction – cumulative nouns much more often take it a many verb in BrE and a singular verb in AmE. The only practical suggestion here is that if that is vital to guess, you might default to a many verb in BrE and also a singular verb in AmE. Thus, in London you can hear \"The government have increased taxes again,\" but in Chicago \"The federal government has raised taxes again.\"However, the entrance under \"Concord with collective nouns\" in Biber is therefore interesting and informative that ns am copy it in its entirety. This referral is a grammar based on analysis of a 40-million-word body of text representing different registers (e.g., conversation , newspaper language fiction , etc.) below is the entry:Most collective nouns, such as \"committee\" and also \"government,\" typically take singular concord:Writing in the Harvard international Review, he says that his approves surprise operations only once there\"s a consensus. (NEWS)The government has shown it will certainly make provision in the bill for together an amendment.(NEWS)In contrast, a couple of collective noun such as \"family\" and also \"crew\" routinely take both singular and also plural concord in BrE, although singular concord is preferred in AmE:Her own has actually suffered the anguish that repossession. (NEWS)The space absolutely devastated. They are coping and also possible, yet they space desperately upset. (NEWS)She to be nice to anyone in the cast, even the actors nobody else knew, and also the to be crazy around her. (FICT)The plane was considerably damaged and the three to be injured. (NEWS)In fact, almost all cumulative nouns occasionally take place with plural concord in BrE:The have actually decreed that we will need to rebid for our betting license in 1992. (NEWS)Note that examples with plural verb type frequently save on computer plural personal pronouns and also possessive determiners co-referent with the collective noun:The were in there, had all special seats there, drinks all set right, and also said appropriate girls, you ready to start? (CONV)The use of the relative pronoun \"who\" with a collective noun as antecedent also tends to integrate with many verb forms. However, over there is no finish agreement in between the selection of verb forms and co-referent pronouns/ determiners.For many concord to it is in available, the an interpretation of the verb must plainly be applicable to individual members of the group. Therefore singular concord only is discovered in situations such as: The committee comprises/ is composed of/ has actually eight members. but singular concord extends far past such examples and is the predominant selection with a wide range of verbs. Periodically there is sports in the very same context:Most the those seasons have associated a struggle against relegation and, if they have actually been happy to make it through some, this are good enough to remain up.....Indeed, that says: \"This is great enough to stay up yet whether we will certainly I don\"t know.\"(NEWS)Here the exact same statement is reproduced exactly, as soon as with plural concord and once with singular concord.The word staff is superior in the plural concord is by far the more frequent option:The lug messages native guest come guest. (FICT)When space absent, a course is split in between other teachers. (NEWS)Staff differs from other collective nouns in combining through numerals and quantifiers such together allland some and also in gift able to occur without determiners. We might conclude that employee behaves really much like s-less plurals of the kind police and also people.Another special case is the usage of plural concord through singular ideal names wherein they signify sports teams:Reg, view where room in the league?(CONV) have actually been here virtually a week, practicing every job in sauna-bath temperatures because that their opening match versus Sri Lanka top top Sunday. (NEWS)This sample is regularly uncovered in BrE news but does not happen in AmE (unless the surname of the sporting activities team is in the plural, e.g. The new York Giants).\"As because that the test inquiries you have given, as a phibìc American I would answer them choose this:1.The cabinet meets every week.2.The family is listening come the radio.3.The committee is separated in opinion.4.The soccer team are having baths and also are climate coming back here for tea. (Note: This sentence would most likely not be talked in AmE. A much more likely sentence would be something like: \"The soccer team room taking showers and then they\"re coming earlier here.\" due to the fact that it is clean in this sentence the the acquisition of showers is done individually by numerous people, that is herbal to usage the plural verb.)5.The federal government has asked the country to decision by a vote. In each of the sentences except # 4, my conception the the cumulative noun is the of one unit acting._______*Quirk et al., A an extensive Grammar the the English Language (Longman, 1985).**Rodney Huddleston and Geoffrey K. Pullum, The Cambridge Grammar that the English Language (Cambridge college Press, 2002).***Biber et al., Longman Grammar of talked and written English. (Longman, 1999).