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Welcome to my net site, currently under advance for an ext than twenty years. -- Philip Weller, November 13, 1941 - February 1, 2021 Dr. Weller, an east Washington college professor the English and Shakespearean scholar for more than 50 years.

Romeo and also Juliet Navigator:Detailed an introduction of act 4, scene 1Page Index:Enter Friar Laurence and also Paris: as Paris is do arrangements with Friar Laurence to do the wedding ceremony in between himself and also Juliet, she appears. Paris tries to tease some sign of affection the end of Juliet and also reminds her the they are to be married ~ above Thursday.Exit Paris:Juliet claims that she will certainly kill herself rather than get married Paris, and the Friar come up with the plan for her to take the drug which will make her show up dead because that 42 hours, so that the wedding will be called off and also Romeo have the right to come and take she to Mantua.Enter Friar Laurence and also Paris:When we see Friar Laurence and Paris, Paris has already told the Friar that he wants him to carry out the wedding ceremony. Of course, discovering that Juliet is currently married, the Friar tries to raise objections. The an initial thing us hear him speak is "On Thursday, sir? the time is very short" (4.1.1). Paris replies, "My dad Capulet will have actually it so, / and I am nothing sluggish to slack his haste" (4.1.2-3). Paris supplies the word "father" due to the fact that he currently considers Capulet to it is in his father-in-law, and "I to be nothing sluggish to slack his haste" way "I don"t have any type of reluctance that would certainly make me shot to slow down Capulet." Paris is rather happy the Capulet is walking to give him his daughter, yet the Friar, much more concerned through the daughter than the father, comments, "You to speak you carry out not know the lady"s mind: / Uneven is the course, I favor it not" (4.1.4-5). "Uneven is the course" means "this is no the regular way of doing together things." The man is claimed to woo the lady, and also propose, and ask her father"s permission; Paris has actually skipped best to the last step. Paris is aware of this, yet he has an explanation: "Immoderately she weeps for Tybalt"s death, / and therefore have actually I little talk"d that love; / for Venus smiles no in a home of tears" (4.1.6-8). Then Paris talks about the factors that Juliet"s father has actually for rushing the wedding. Juliet"s crying also much, and her father think that"s dangerous because that her, for this reason he has determined to hurry Juliet right into marriage in order to prevent her tears, "Which, too lot minded by herself alone, / might be put from she by society" (4.1.13-14). In various other words, her father thinks it"s not great for Juliet to invest time by it s her crying and thinking around why she is crying, but the solution is just to gain her the end into company ("society").Having described Juliet"s father"s opinion, Paris says, "Now do you understand the reason of this haste" (4.1.15). But the Friar knows--and we do, too--that Juliet"s father"s opinion defines nothing, and also the Friar says to himself, "I would certainly I knew not why it must be slow"d" (4.1.16). He can"t phone call Paris the actual reason why the wedding plans must be delayed, and he wishes he didn"t recognize that reason. As the Friar is thinking around the tie he"s in, points get more complicated--Juliet appears. As quickly as the sees Juliet, Paris starts gift obnoxious. His idea of wooing her is come tell her, over and also over again, that she currently belongs to him. Juliet needs to fend him off without raising any type of suspicions about the true state the affairs. Hence a dialogue ensues in which Juliet sent keeps Paris in ~ arm"s length while enabling him come think that she"s just being coy. Paris greets she by saying, "Happily met, mine lady and my wife!" (4.1.18), come which Juliet replies, "That might be, sir, once I may be a wife" (4.1.19). He most likely thinks she is teasing the by saying that they might be happy to see one another when they room married; her hidden an interpretation is that she will never be married to him and also never happy to watch him. Paris climate says, "That "may be" should be, love, ~ above Thursday next" (4.1.20), and also Juliet replies, "What have to be candlestick be" (4.1.21). He hears she saying the she will certainly marry him; us hear she say "whatever!"Blind to Juliet"s true mindset towards him, Paris presume a possessive attitude towards her. The asks her if she has involved Friar Laurence to do confession, and she, using words "confess" in that is secular sense, answer "To price that, I should confess come you" (4.1.23), i m sorry comes an extremely close to telling him to keep his sleep out of her business. Paris, however, is so certain of himself that he says, "Do no deny come him the you love me" (4.1.24), to which Juliet wittily replies, "I will certainly confess come you that ns love him" (4.1.25). In various other words, the only confession of love the he"s going to obtain out of she is a confession the she loves she priest, which sound scandalous, back we deserve to assume that she yes, really does love Friar Laurence in the purest Christian sense. Paris do the efforts again, telling her he"s certain that she will confess her love of him come Friar Laurence. She answers, "If I perform so, it will be of an ext price , / gift spoke behind her back, than to her face" (4.1.27-28). This is a nice method of informing him that he"s absolutely not going to hear her say that she loves him.Paris now notices something which he might have seen prior to if the weren"t for this reason self-involved--that Juliet has been crying. The says, together though she were already his tiny wife, "Poor soul, thy confront is much abused v tears" (4.1.29). Juliet answers that her face was negative enough before the tears came, and also Paris--trying to be the gallant lover--says, "Thou wrong"st it, an ext than tears, v that report" (4.1.32). In other words, by speak her challenge looks bad, she"s law it an ext harm 보다 the tears have done. Juliet"s answer reveals her irritation through her would-be husband: "That is no slander, sir, i m sorry is a truth; / and also what ns spake, i spake it to my face" (4.1.33-34). In this, Juliet asserts her ownership of herself. Paris has been saying that she has actually a beautiful face ruined through tears, and that she has actually been slandering she own face by denying that he is right. Juliet now says she"s the one that knows the truth about herself, and also the one who have the right to tell that fact to herself. Paris, however, contradicts her assertion: "Thy challenge is mine, and also thou hast slander"d it" (4.1.35). The man is impossible, and Juliet allows him think what that wants: "It might be so, for it is no mine own" (4.1.36). In ~ the very same time, we deserve to understand the her confront is no her own because she has put on a confront for the benefit of a man she detests.At this point Juliet cut the conversation short by asking Friar Laurence if he has actually time to hear her confession. He claims he does, and she speak Paris she requirements the time alone through Friar Laurence. Paris answers, "God shield I have to disturb devotion! / Juliet, ~ above Thursday at an early stage will ns rouse ye: / it spins then, adieu; and also keep this divine kiss" (4.1.41-43). Climate he kisses her. True, there"s no phase direction saying the he kisses her, but the line needs it, and also his kiss (which have to be agony come Juliet) place an exclamation point on his blind self-assurance.Exit Paris: when Paris is out of earshot, Juliet"s true emotions erupt. She claims to Friar Laurence, "O closeup of the door the door! and also when thou hast done so, / Come weep v me; past hope, past cure, previous help!" (4.1.44-45). There"s no really door to shut, yet imaginatively Juliet is currently inside of Friar Laurence"s cell, wherein she have the right to pour her heart out. Sympathetically, Friar Laurence tells her the he has currently heard that she should be married to Paris on Thursday and also that there"s no means to hold-up it. Juliet replies that she just wants to hear just how the wedding can be prevented, and that "If, in her wisdom, thou canst offer no help, / carry out thou yet call my resolution wise, / and with this knife I"ll aid it presently" (4.1.52-54). She has actually a knife and also her "resolution" is to kill herself. If Friar Laurence can"t display her any kind of other method out, every she desires from that is come tell her that killing herself is "wise." hold the knife in she hand, Juliet declares that God joined she heart come Romeo"s, and before "this hand, by thee to Romeo seal"d, / Shall it is in the label to an additional deed , / Or mine true heart through treacherous rebellion / rotate to another, this candlestick slay lock both" (4.1.56-59). The Friar must offer her good advice, and also give the immediately, "or, behold, / "Twixt my extremes and also me this bloody knife / Shall beat the umpire" (4.1.63). Juliet"s "extremes" room her excessive difficulties, the ever-mounting pressures being put on her by she mother, father, nurse, and also would-be husband to betray her love the Romeo. The knife is no actually "bloody," but she is established that it will be, because it will certainly decide the battle ("play the umpire") between herself and those forces. And then she put a terrific pressure the her very own on Friar Laurence, saying, "Be no so lengthy to speak; I long to die, / If what she speak"st speak no of remedy" (4.1.66-67). Juliet raises the knife together though to plunge it into her breast, however Friar Laurence stops her, saying, "Hold, daughter! I do spy a type of hope, / i beg your pardon craves as desperate one execution / together that is desperate which we would certainly prevent" (4.1.68-70). Everything around the Friar"s idea is desperate. Juliet"s determination to kill herself is desperate and also the Friar"s plan is walking to need desperate courage. Also, the Friar"s setup is chin a desperate effort to conserve Juliet"s life. He says that if she has actually the toughness of will certainly to death herself in order to avoid marital relationship with Paris, "Then is it most likely thou wilt undertake / A thing like death to chide away this shame, / that copest with death himself come scape native it" (4.1.73-75). The phrase "That copest with fatality himself come scape indigenous it" explains Juliet; she is ready to encounter death itself in order come escape the shame of marrying a 2nd husband.Juliet is certainly ready come "undertake / A thing prefer death," and also more. She tells Friar Laurence the she deserve to leap turn off a tower, end up being a thief, hide v serpents, it is in chained up with roaring bears, spend every night among dead men"s bones, or lie next to a corpse in a brand-new grave--anything, fairly than marry Paris. "And," she adds, ns will execute it without are afraid or doubt, / to live one unstain"d mam to my sweet love" (4.1.87-88). Hear this, Friar Laurence lays the end his plan. She have to put away the knife, walk home, look cheerful, and say the she will certainly marry Paris. Morning night, Wednesday, she is to make sure that she sleeps alone, without the Nurse in the room. Then, states Friar Laurence, as he mirrors her a vial that liquid, "Take she this vial, being climate in bed, / and this distilling liquor drink thou off; / when presently with all your veins shall operation / A cold and also drowsy humour" (4.1.93-96). A liquor the is "distilling" permeates the entirety body as shortly as it is drunk. This is why Juliet needs to be in bed; the liquid ("humour") will automatically ("presently") cool her right into a coma. The Friar goes on to define how she sleep will make she look dead--without color, eyes shut, stiff, cold--then promises, "And in this borrow"d likeness that shrunk death / she shalt proceed two and also forty hours, / and then awake together from a satisfied sleep" (4.1.104-106). Friar Laurence then describes the remainder of his plan. First, when the bridegroom involves wake her (as the practice was) ~ above Thursday morning, he will certainly think--and so will everyone else--that she is dead. Then, by the usual practice the Verona, she will be laid, uncovered and in her finest clothes, top top a bier and carried to the vault that the Capulets. "In the median time, against thou shalt awake, / shall Romeo by my letters know our drift , / and hither shall that come: and he and also I / will certainly watch your waking" (4.1.113-116). "Watch her waking" means that Friar and Romeo will keep watch end her until she wakes up; the Friar seems details that both he and also Romeo will be over there in the vault well before Juliet awakes. As soon as she does, Romeo will certainly take her to Mantua. Friar Laurence concludes by questioning whether or not Juliet is solid enough to perform what is required. The says, "And this shall complimentary thee indigenous this existing shame; / If no inconstant toy , no one womanish fear, / Abate thy valour in the exhilaration it" (4.1.118-120). Juliet accepts the challenge. She takes the vial indigenous Friar Laurence and also cries, "Give me, give me! O, tell no me that fear!"(4.1.121). In ~ this, the Friar urges she to be strong and says he"ll send another friar to Mantua through letters because that Romeo. Acquisition leave of Friar Laurence, Juliet says, "Love give me strength! and also strength shall aid afford. / Farewell, to ~ father!" (4.1.125-126). She"s questioning love to provide her strength and affirming that the stamin that love gives will bring her ("afford") the assist she requirements to lug out her part of the Friar"s plan.

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Through this show of ship by Juliet, the scene ends.