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Savage / Stevens Boxlock Style dual Barrel Shotguns
dual Barrel Shotguns ; Double barrels shotguns were "the gun" for a good many years before the repeaters came right into being. Few of these were "Work that Art", Parkers, LC Smith, Fox Sterlingworth, Winchester model 21, while others were merely working guns, these Savage/Stevens fitting the category.
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The 2 main kind of hammerless dual barrel shotguns are sidelock and also boxlock. Every the Stevens/Savage firearms were boxlock.
The Savage agency reserved their name to a much more deluxe double, (a pull up version of the standard design Stevens 311) and also named the the Savage Fox version B.
Listed listed below is history of the two companies, which will aid explain this article.
Stevens Armswas anAmericanfirearmsmanufacturer founded by Joshua Stevens in 1864 inChicopee Falls, MA. The company introduced the.22 long Rifleround and made a number ofrifle,shotgun, and targetpistoldesigns. Through 1902 castle were heralding themselves together "the biggest producers the sporting eight in the world". They were purchased byNew England Westinghouseon might 28, 1915 and again bySavage Armson April 1, 1920. Together a subsidiary department of Savage, Stevens ongoing to create firearms at their Chicopee falls facility until 1960, yet in a semi-independent condition until 1942 . That plant was torn down in1960 and also the Stevens production was moved right into other Savage facilities. Savage dropped the Stevens surname in 1991 but revitalized it in 1999 and also still offers it this day for a number of its low price rifles and shotguns.
This merger do Savage the largest producer of arms in the United says at the time.
Savage eight was started in 1894 byArthur SavageinUtica, new York. Within twenty years they were developing rifles, handguns, and also ammunition. Savage introduced the first hammerless lever-action rifle, theModel 1895, obtained from Arthur Savage"s model 1892 rifle the he had designed forColtin a failure bid for a US military rifle contract that instead was winner by theKrag–Jørgensendesign.The model 1895 winner aNew York national Guardcontract, however the contract to be cancelled because of political controversy.
Savage was among six carriers to take part in the joined States military trials because that a.45 calibersemi-automatic pistol, and also was named one of the 2 finalists prior to losing out toColt"s design, which would come to be theM1911 pistol. Savage marketed a collection of.32and.380caliberpocket pistols, theModels 1907, 1915, and also 1917based on the exact same patents together their .45 caliber prototype.
Savage an unified with theDriggs-SeaburyOrdnance firm during human being War I and producedLewis an equipment gunsat Driggs-Seabury"s former plant inSharon, Pennsylvania. Savage also producedModel 1899 musketsfor the Montreal residence Guard during human being War I.
In 1919, Arthur Savage to be approached by chief Lame Deer to buy rifles because that his people in new York. Lame Deer available to allow Savage to use his photo as its logo in exchange because that discounted rifles and also an yearly fee. Together of 2018, Savage Arms to be still payment the annual fee.
In 1920, Savage boughtStevens ArmsofChicopee Falls, MA. In July 1921, a mortgage securing five promissory notes, each because that $21,416, to be filed in the ar Clerk"s office inUticashowing the the Savage eight Corporation had purchased a "number of buildings erected by the government" duringWorld war Ifor increasing the output of Lewis machine guns at the plant. The notes to be due in 1927. In 1929 Savage gained the A.H. Fox Gun firm ofPhiladelphiaand moved production to Utica. Likewise in 1929 Crescent Arms to be bought by Savage eight Corp.
In 1939, Savage presented theModel 24combination gun(a configuration unusual in the U.S.), which offered over a million copies.
Savage was among the couple of American makers of affordable double-barrel shotguns including theFox Sterlingworth, Fox design B, and also Stevens design 311 and also produced rifles and shotguns under residence brand surname for large store chains.
CRESCENT F. A. CO. Norwich, ConnecticutThe company made good quality inexpensive single and double-barrel shotguns in ~ its Norwich works, beginning around 1892. It to be bought by H&D Folsom of brand-new York City, big importers and distributors of firearms and also sporting goods, so they could include an American-made sidelock hammer, side-by-side to your extensive range of imported guns. The Crescent firearms were available in 12, 16, 20, and also 28 gauges and also later, 44XL shot caliber v Damascus twist laminated or Armory steel barrels depending on the shooter’s wants.It was merged with Davis-Warner eight Corp. Followers to N.R. Davis & young Co. And became Crescent-Davis eight Corp. Crescent Arms to be bought by Savage arms Corp. In 1929. In 1932 the procedure was relocated to the Stevens tree at Springfield, Mass. Whereby some sidelock doubles to be assembled, Crescent-Davis brand guns remained in Steven’s full line directory until 1941 however from 1937 come 1941 the doubles marketed in the Crescent-Davis brand were on either Stevens or Davis boxlock frames.
Savage also sold these guns to letter order residences like Sears and also Montgomery Wards which offered their own version number.
Listed below are many of the Savage/Stevens/Springfield models produced. Springfield surname was normally used ~ above the lower priced, keep brand models if that keep did not have actually it"s very own trade name, or the order was little enough to not bother with a profession model. All space made on the same straightforward Savage model B frame.
Savage Fox B (Double triggers)Savage Fox BST, BSTE, BDE, BSE-C, BSE-D, BSE-E, BSE-F, BSE-H (Single Trigger)NOTE- any type of model that has an E behind the design number indicated it had actually ejectors as contrasted to the common (economically come produce) extractor type.Stevens 311, 311A, 311C, 311D, 311E, 311F, 311H, 311S, 311T, 315, 315S, 330, 331, 530, 530A, 530M, 550, (Double Trigger) (here the E series does not designate Ejector)Springfield 511, 511A , 5000, 5100 (Double Trigger)
When Savage make any significant change in a firearm, they added a series letter behind the model
|Old Stevens sales prochure|
This to be some great information the I found from gun Digest pertaining to serial number :
1. Stevens used plain numbers from your first double in 1878 till 1913.
2. Letter prefixes crept in on the serial numbers provided on both hammer and hammerless doubles native 1913 to 1939. They always signified a readjust in mechanical style or manufacturing process which brought about an interesting variant.
3. Native 1940 come 1948 no serial number were provided on doubles, only capital letters, typically in teams of 3 or four, the letter(s) periodically enclosed in a circle, in addition to an inspector’s symbol ( a heart , a diamond, a spade or part such ‘shape’, ~ above the bottom that the structure behind the hinge pin.
4. Indigenous 1948 to 1968 the letter symbols under the structure were adjusted to a ‘Capital letter v a one or two digit number’ in a 1/4″ circle. This to be a date code i beg your pardon you will certainly find portrayed in the Savage-Stevens-Fox pages of your Standard directory of Firearms.5. From October 1968 to March 1988 Savage/Stevens/Fox B doubles space serial numbered in a totally new serial number selection beginning in ~ A000001. The six digit (always) numbers, stamped just on the left side of the frame, no on the barrels or fore finish or top top the wood, are preceded by funding letters from A to E. The letters perform not correlate to manufacturing years. The letter prefix accompanied the Savage/Stevens/Fox B/Springfield serial number ~ above every pistol theymade from 1968 on.
Beginning about 1978 number 1 to 20 were also stamped on the three significant components, frame, barrels and fore finish iron, to permit the manufacturing facility to keep 20 guns of like version together in a group for packing in the typical 20 pistol shipping carton.One collector only in double guns stopped looking for numbers ~ above Savage/Stevens doubles after ~ 1988 due to the fact that that’s the year they shipped your last ‘Stevens design 311′.The highest possible number I have seen was on 20 gauge Stevens
Model 311 collection H serial number E957971.
The Savage branded imported doubles, over and also unders or side by sides, are numbered differently. Each design is numbered in the range created by its manufacturer. Together you probably have actually heard, Savage/Stevens’ manufacturing records on their older models were ruined in a sprinkler accident a variety of years ago, according to policemans of the company.
The complying with are excerpts from a old shotgun forum.
Tenite stocks an initial appears in the 1940 Stevens/Springfield/Crescent-Davis illustrated price perform on the Stevens No. 530M double. The No. 530 v a walnut stock had a dealer"s price the $19.30 and also a suggested retail price of $24.00. The No. 530M had a dealer"s price the $18.20 and a suggested retail price the $22.75. Because that $3.25 extra either can be had actually with a non-selective solitary trigger. Offerings were the very same for 1941 through prices up about $2 throughout the board.Post WW-II the Tenite offerings increased to include the model 94 hammer solitary barrel, the currently Stevens model 311 double barrel and the model 22-410 end / under. Likewise for 1948 the brand-new Stevens design 124 overcome Bolt Repeating 12-gauge Shotgun was introduced with the Tenite stock. Offerings were the same for Tenite stocked guns in 1949. By 1951 the just such stock still available was top top the version 124 and the surname Tenite wasn"t mentioned, just "durable service-proven molded plastic." by the 1952 catalogue whatever is walnut or walnut perfect hardwood.The various versions of the 20-gauge Fox design B acquired 3-inch chambers in the 1964-65 time frame. The 12-gauges execution of the Fox B with double triggers obtained 3-inch chambers in 1973. Native the catalogues it shows up Savage never quite reliable their solitary trigger v 12-gauge 3-inch magnum recoil. I would imagine the Stevens No. 311S acquired 3-inch chambers about the same time together the Fox model BS. Sooner or later I"ll obtain the catalogues out and look.------------I have a Stevens 311A made in 1963 , 20 gauge, v 3 inch factory chambers. Ns think the it was first chambered because that 3" in that year (12 gauge 3" came around 10 year later). Expect this helps.---------Hi all, brand-new to the board, great source that info. Currently restoring a couple of Stevens 311S and also found this post. The 311A 20 gauge I have actually was make in 1957, based upon the "17I" in the oval at the former of the receiver base. (also info acquired from this site!) and is chambered for 3" shells. The 12 gauge 311A to be made in 1951 and has 2 3/4" chambers.------------311A"s were made start in 1949 ns believe. Is there a circled letter top top the receiver? "A" suggests 1949, "B" 1950, etc. I very own a 5100, the 311"s predecessor. They room a great, quality American make shotgun. Welcome come the board.-------------The fact that it has no serial # suggests that it to be made before 1968, as soon as the Gun control Act the 1968 required that all weapons have serial #s.The model 311 started as the Springfield 5000 roughly 1920 with model designation an altering to 5100 in 1931. Roughly 1940 it came to be the Stevens model 311. It was discontinued in 1989.If it to be manufactured between 1949 and 1968 there need to be a tiny circle v a number and also letter stamped between the trigger and the hinge pin. The letter shows the year the manufacture. A to N = 1949 - 1961P = 1963R come V = 1964 - 1968Yours, v a circled "A", was most likely made in, or an extremely close to, 1949.Value? Well, here we have a little of a discrepancy. The Standard directory of weapons values that at:Model 311A - Hammerless Boxlock:Exc. - $525V.G. - $450The Blue book values the at:Model 311 SxS (16 ga.):98% - $29595% - $24090% - $220Why the large difference? your guess is as good as mine!------------The Stevens SxS"s have actually a day code. The is a tiny circle (you require a magnifying glass) with a number adhered to by a letter inside the very little circle. A=1949 B=1950... V=1968 etc. O and also Q were not used. Perform not confuse this v the mfg marks i m sorry are lot larger, or the serial #. If it has actually a serial # that is post 68".-------------1. Stevens provided plain numbers from your first dual in 1878 until 1913.2. Letter prefixes crept in on the serial numbers offered on both hammer and also hammerless doubles indigenous 1913 to 1939. They always signified a readjust in mechanical architecture or manufacturing procedure which brought about an amazing variant.3. Indigenous 1940 come 1948 no serial number were supplied on doubles, only resources letters, typically in groups of three or four, the letter(s) sometimes enclosed in a circle, in addition to an inspector’s prize ( a heart , a diamond, a spade or part such ‘shape’, ~ above the bottom that the structure behind the hinge pin.4. From 1948 come 1968 the letter signs under the frame were readjusted to a ‘Capital letter v a one or 2 digit number’ in a 1/4? circle. This to be a date code i beg your pardon you will certainly find illustrated in the Savage-Stevens-Fox pages of your Standard directory of Firearms.5. Native October 1968 to March 1988 Savage/Stevens/Fox B doubles are serial numbered in a completely new serial number variety beginning at A000001. The 6 digit (always) numbers, stamped just on the left side of the frame, no on the barrels or fore finish or top top the wood, are preceded by capital letters native A come E. The letters do not correlate to production years. The letter prefix attach the Savage/Stevens/FoxB/Springfield serial number ~ above every total they made from 1968 on. Beginning around 1978 number 1 to 20 were additionally stamped ~ above the three significant components, frame, barrels and also fore end iron, to permit the factory to keep 20 weapons of like version together in a team for packing in the conventional 20 total shipping carton.Yours is just one of these. Because I am interested just in dual guns ns stopped trying to find numbers top top Savage’Stevens doubles ~ 1988 since that’s the year they shipped your last ‘Stevens version 311".The greatest number I have seen was on 20 gauge Stevens model 311 collection H serial number E957971. The Savage branded imported doubles, over and unders or side by sides, are numbered differently. Each model is numbered in the selection created through its manufacturer. Together you probably have heard, Savage/Stevens’ production records on your older models were ruined in a sprinkler accident around 35 years ago, according to police officers of the company.To calculate an approximate variety of ‘Stevens model 311s’ that were made from 1968 to 1988 you could do this mathematics exercise. Because Savage used 5 letters (A come E), every on 999,999 guns, they must have made about 5 million guns. Maybe 40% to be doubles in the various Savage Brands and also Private Brands. That provides 2 million doubles of i beg your pardon I calculation 80% were Stevens 311"s. And also that’s not counting production before 1968. No wonder the “311? in its miscellaneous variations is the every time favorite American make double.And think how numerous Stevens 311s ( and also Stevens made doubles the looked like Stevens 311s but carried private brands) had already been created in the years between 1940 (first year the the ‘true’ Stevens version 311) and 1968, during which time they weren’t serial numbered at all! There should be at the very least 4 million Stevens design 311s, in one kind or another, out there!-----------Savage arms no much longer answers questions about old Stevens guns. ----------
Savage SS /DB / OU shotgun day codeA 1949 B 1950 C 1951D 1952 E 1953 F 1954G 1955 H 1956 i 1957J 1958 K 1959 l 1960M 1961 N 1962 p 1963R 1964 S 1965 T 1966U 1967 V 1968 W 1969X1970"Collectors will find a day code stamped on every double-barrel shotgun in the Stevens brand produced between March 1949 and December 1968. Usually, that is behind the hinge pin or front of the create guard on the bottom of the frame. The will show up as a small circle include a number and a letter. The letters correspond to the years displayed in the complying with table. Significance of the number is not known."**From web page 1101 the Ned Schwing"s 2004 Standard magazine of Firearms, 14th Edition, released by Krause publications of Iola, WI.I would favor to add that i have found this circle, or oval, comprise one or two numbers to add a solitary letter, just about anywhere and also everywhere top top the frame, yet only ~ above the exterior of the frame, never inside. Ns have also found the circle or oval with letters and numbers on the barrel clusters, on the shoot barrel or ~ above the barrel assembly lug block. When the letter in ~ the circle constantly match on factory equivalent barrel and also frame, the numbers never match, or at the very least that has always been my experience. These date Codes are also present on the model 94 frames and also barrels, and I am sure on plenty of others.The point out on the within of the frame, wherein the lower barrel seats when closed, space what i would speak to assembly stampings, and match framework to barrel, uncovered on underside of shot barrel close to forend lug, and also sometimes discovered on the butt stock under the target plate. ~EE Gunsmithing details ; top top this collection of shotguns, countless parts will certainly interchange, but here were some internal changes, prefer hammers that space different, together with parts for smaller gauges. Safeties and also extractors usually interchanged. Trigger guards would certainly interchange no matter the configuration. Trigger guards were initially a pot metal casting, climate a basic stamped out sheet metal one. The Fox Bs were a more elaborate steel casting. Forends and the hanger base went v a many changes.
Frames were also different as the beforehand ones in ~ the rear had scallops on every side, where the later models the structure was flat vertically.
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for those of you who execute not know the native Tenite when provided in stocks. It was essentially a plastic molded, checkered stock, both buttstock and forearm, using a straightforward brown through a black color swirly pattern, simulating wood. These buttstocks proved rather weak in ~ the junction wherein the tang was, with many being cracked.
In the LH image below, keep in mind the scalloped front contour in between the receiver and stock. The RH picture below, this stock apparently came off one of the 311s the was shipped to the us Navy.