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The Old Man and the Sea, short heroic novel through Ernest Hemingway, published in 1952 and also awarded the 1953 Pulitzer Prize for fiction. It to be his last significant work of fiction. The story centres on an aging fisherman who engages in one epic battle to capture a gigantic marlin.


The central character is one old Cuban fisherman named Santiago, who has actually not recorded a fish for 84 days. The family of his apprentice, Manolin, has compelled the boy to leaving the old fisherman, despite Manolin proceeds to support him through food and also bait. Santiago is a mentor to the boy, that cherishes the old man and also the life lessons that imparts. Persuaded that his luck must change, Santiago bring away his skiff much out right into the deep waters of the Gulf Stream, where he soon hooks a gigantic marlin. With all his great experience and strength, he battles with the fish for 3 days, admiring its strength, dignity, and faithfulness to its identity; the destiny is together true together Santiago’s as a fisherman. He lastly reels the marlin in and also lashes it to his boat.


From J.K. Rowling and also Oliver Twist come Anita Desai and The Old Man and also the Sea, kind through the truth of authorship if sorting v the names and also novels in this quiz.

However, Santiago’s exhausting initiative goes for naught. Sharks are drawn to the tethered marlin, and, back Santiago manages to kill a few, the sharks eat the fish, leaving behind only its skeleton. After returning to the harbour, the discouraged Santiago goes come his residence to sleep. In the meantime, others check out the skeleton tied come his boat and are amazed. A pertained to Manolin is relieved to uncover Santiago alive, and the two agree to walk fishing together.

Analysis and reception

The Old Man and the Sea consists of many that the themes that preoccupied Hemingway together a writer and also as a man. The routines that life in a Cuban fishing village are evoked in the opened pages v a characteristic economic situation of language. The stripped-down presence of the fisherman Santiago is do in a spare, elemental style that is together eloquently dismissive as a shrug that the old man’s powerful shoulders. With age and luck now against him, Santiago knows he must row the end “beyond every people,” far from land and into the Gulf Stream, wherein one critical drama would certainly be play out, in an empty arena the sea and also sky.

Hemingway was famously fascinated with principles of guys proving their worth by facing and overcoming the obstacles of nature. Once the old man hooks a marlin much longer than his boat, he is experiment to the limits as he works the line v bleeding hands in an effort to bring it close enough to harpoon. Through his struggle, Santiago displayed the capability of the person spirit come endure hardship and suffering in order come win. That is also his deep love and also knowledge the the sea, in the impassive cruelty and beneficence, that enables him to prevail. The vital physicality of the story—the smells the tar and salt and also fish blood, the cramp and nausea and blind fatigue of the old man, the terrifying fatality spasms of the an excellent fish—is set against the ethereal attributes of dazzling light and also water, isolation, and also the swelling activity of the sea. And through that all, the stare is continually tugging, unreeling a tiny more, and also then pulling again, all in tandem v the old male struggle. The is a story that demands to be review in a single sitting.

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The Old Man and the Sea was an instant success and came come be pertained to as one of Hemingway’s ideal works. It to be cited when he winner the Nobel compensation for literature in 1954. A hugely renowned film adaptation certification Spencer Tracy was released in 1958.