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Dear Roger,

Is our salvation pre-destined by God? Or is the a an outcome of our own cost-free will come respond come God"s grace?

Could Judas Iscariot have readjusted his very own destiny by selecting to questioning God"s forgiveness like Peter did, instead of committing suicide? Or was he pre-destined come betray Jesus and become the vessel for God"s wrath?

Thank you, JST

Dear JST,

John Calvin was a leader of the Protestant reformation who concluded the somewhere in eternity past God elected, or predestined, or determined some civilization to go to Heaven and also some to go to Hell. Individuals have no say-so in the matter of your eternal destiny. The implication native the Bible, when seen native a Calvinistic perspective, is the mankind has actually little, if any, complimentary will. Calvin based his predestination interpretation on brand-new Testament state like: “elect” (Titus 1:1 ); “predestined” (Romans 8:28-29); “foreknown” (Romans 8:28); “chosen” (Ephesians 1:11) and “called” (Romans 1:6).

There is a strong biblical situation for a world where over there is little cost-free will; whereby most, if no all, the our selections are planned and mapped out before we are even born.

If you have yet come hear the ax "Quantum Enigma," you will soon. Every day quantum physicists room learning more about the operations of the universe. Among the strange findings in quantum mechanics is the every activity of below atomic particles is established by choices made because that them by a greater level observer. For example, human being can predestine and also foreknow the tasks of light particles and also those particles will obey completely. Things above other things make the decisions and also plan the plot of things reduced than they. This is referred to as "downward causation." The implication below is that whatever we do and also say, including the selections we make, room planned for us by a higher authority. In our case, God.


As believer we would certainly say, "God is the agent of downward causation." The implication here is that we have actually no free will and all us say or execute is planned by God for us. This view fits well with Calvinism.

Arminianism, on the various other hand, was standing in direct contrast to Calvinism. That is based on complimentary will. Arminianism may be summary by john 3:16: "For God so loved the human being that He provided His just begotten boy that anyone believes in Him might not perish but have everlasting life." In other words, anyone can pertained to Christ for salvation at any type of age, at any time or in any kind of place.


The holy bible is to fill with complimentary will pictures of one open-armed God that is longing because that the lost to go back to Him. All who come will receive complete welcome and reprieve. Luke 15, because that example, has three parables which photo God trying to find things lost in stimulate to lug them safe home: the lost coin, the lost sheep and the shed son. He is not electing or predestining them, he is pleading through them.

In a nutshell, Calvinism declares that the just ones who deserve to be saved are the people God has currently chosen in eternity past. ~ above the various other hand, Arminianism place no such constraints on receiving god’s love, salvation and grace. The foundational to teach of Arminianism is: "Whosoever will might come." Salvation is no the domain just of the Elect. Salvation is a cost-free gift—offered now in the present—to all who think in Christ by faith.

It appears to me the "whosoever will" is a much better reflection that the biblical photo of God"s heart 보다 the idea that He made arbitrary choices to determine the eternal state of particular individuals before the structure of the earth.

Considering all the issues involved, i arrive in ~ the following conclusion as one means to resolve the debate: prior to the foundation of the universe, God predetermined the a team (known together "the elect") composed of every who easily receive Jesus together their Lord and Savior room predestined to it is in "conformed to the picture of Christ" (Romans 8:28-29 and also Ephesians 1).

Therefore, nobody is predestined to sky or Hell. Us are provided the totally free choice to receive Christ. Those who carry out are called the “elect,” chosen and predestined no in regards to whether they walk to heaven or come Hell, however instead they room predestined come mature come look choose Jesus.


With the being said, let"s address the concern of even if it is or no Judas was predestined come betray Jesus.

The final days that the life the Jesus on planet were foreordained to include the treason of Judas, simply as were the cross and also resurrection (Mark 14:17-21; acts 1:16 and also Psalm 109:5-8). The implicitly of these verses was that Judas was liked by God to betray Jesus.

Both Jesus and Peter, in the over passages, verify the Judas was specifically chosen for the project of betrayal. We might say that Judas was predestined, called, elected, and/or favored to betray Jesus. He had actually no cost-free will and also thus no choice in the matter.

(By the way, Judas" cheap for 30 piece of silver was additionally foretold in Zechariah 11:12-13 and fulfilled in Matthew 26:14-16.)

Did Judas have any choice in the matter? It seems not. He could not avoid or readjust his destiny. He was foreordained to commit this brutal act. The moment Satan gone into Judas the dice was actors (Luke 22:3).

Now we come to the free will part. When Judas had actually completed his ungodly mission that was totally free to make things appropriate with Jesus. Jesus died for Judas, too. You understand that if Judas had fallen on his knees, repented and asked for forgiveness the Jesus would have welcomed him into the kingdom.

Peter additionally betrayed his partnership with Christ; however he is in Heaven"s glory. Why? since he went back to Christ and also repented. The holy bible says Peter not only felt shame and despair, the repented and asked because that forgiveness.

The bible tells us Judas felt so badly about what he"d done he walk out and hanged himself. He would have needed part spiritual war to exorcise Satan out of his life, however he didn"t have to kill himself.

The story that Judas is a paradox. That is the epitome of predestination in addition to its opposite, cost-free will. He had to betray Jesus, however he was cost-free to go back to Christ if he had actually so wanted. Wouldn"t that have actually made a an excellent story the redemption and salvation!

One of mine readers mutual an intriguing means to see exactly how predestination and cost-free will might interact. It"s interesting to think around this in the paper definition of one age-old question: execute we have free choice or is every little thing predetermined? i think the answer is: YES. Everything is predetermined AND we have free choice. It"s like when we beat a map game. We get dealt a hand. And also we have no control over the cards we gain dealt. It"s predetermined.


But we likewise get to play the hand. We likewise have free choice. Ultimately, it"s the mix of the hand we"re dealt and the way we play it that determines the outcome. And it"s the result that forms my view of the initial hand i was dealt. God deals united state a hand. There"s naught we can do to readjust that. However we get to play that hand. I acquire to respond to the events of my life. And it"s mine response, mine actions in the future, which determine the an interpretation of the events in my past.

Finally, there room two different biblical accounts of the fatality of Judas.

acts 1:18: With the payment he obtained for his wickedness, Judas bought a field; over there he fell headlong, his body burst open and also all his intestines flood out.

Matthew 27:5: So Judas threw the money right into the temple and left. Climate he walk away and also hanged himself.

So what gives? i think I know what happened. The scriptures says that Judas bought a field. This was predicted and also predestined by God. Top top a sturdy tree branch he hung himself by the neck. For numerous days the hung in the breeze, flies and maggots extending his disk body. Finally, some merciful soul decided to cut down the rotting corpse. Once he did, Judas" bloated human body hit the ground and also burst open.

So, JST, ns hope that this helps.

God bless,Roger

*
Dr. I get it Barrier retired as an elderly teaching minister from Casas Church in Tucson, Arizona. In enhancement to being an author and also sought-after conference speaker, Roger has mentored or taught thousands of pastors, missionaries, and Christian leaders worldwide. Casas Church, whereby Roger served throughout his thirty-five-year career, is a megachurch recognized for a well-integrated, multi-generational ministry. The worth of including brand-new generations is deep ingrained throughout Casas to help the church move strongly ideal through the twenty-first century and also beyond. Dr. Obstacle holds degrees from Baylor University, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, and gold Gate Seminary in Greek, religion, theology, and pastoral care. His popular book, Listening come the Voice that God, published through Bethany House, is in its 2nd printing and is easily accessible in Thai and Portuguese.

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His latest job-related is, obtained Guts? gain Godly! Pray the Prayer God promises to Answer, from Xulon Press. Roger have the right to be uncovered blogging at Preach It, Teach It, the pastoral teaching site founded with his wife, Dr. Julie Barrier.