Confused through because that metric system units? To store them every straight, gain a basic breakdown of metric unit for length, weight and also volume. Then, you can learn metric for data, power and temperature, too. By the moment you’re done, you’ll have actually the straightforward metric mechanism unit under to a science.

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measure up cup through liter measurements

Understanding Metric device

Did her school project say that you need 5 ml? are you staring at it curiously wondering what a “ml” is? The abbreviation “ml” stands for milliliter in the metric system. The metric system is used all over the world. However, in America, us customary units are an ext commonly used. If you space trying come convert in between the two, knowing the metric can save friend a many hassle.

Find out the straightforward metric along with other useful metric the you could encounter in her studies.

Basic Metric and also Prefixes

In the metric system, there are three an easy units to measure length, volume and also weight (mass). You have the meter (m) because that length, liter (l) because that volume and also gram (g) for weight. Each of these units space then broken down into smaller or bigger systems using metric prefixes.

Giga - G (1,000,000,000)Mega - M (1,000,000)Kilo - k (1,000)Hecto - h (100)Deka/deca - da (10)Deci - d (1/10)Centi - c (1/100)Milli - m (1/1000)Micro - μ (1/1,000,000)Nano - n (1/1,000,000,000)

The prefixes have actually the same meaning for every of the measure up units. Because that example, a kilogram is 1,000 grams and also a kiloliter is 1,000 liters.

Metric for Length

Now the you know the basic units and their prefixes, the is simply a matter of placing the two together to create your different metric Beginning with length, the meter (m) is your base unit. Then, you include the appropriate prefix because that the matching metric measurement.

Kilometer - kmSquare kilometer - km²Hectometer - hmDecameter (or dekameter) - damMeter - mDecimeter - dmCubic decimeter - dm³Centimeter - cmCubic centimeter - cm³Millimeter - mm

With most basic metric, you’ll include the prefix letter with the unit the measure. The listed exception is “deka” or “deca.” because that example, the abbreviation for “decameter” is “dam.” This is due to the fact that “dm” currently stands for “decimeter.”

Metric for Volume

Just as the meter (m) is the base measurement for length in the metric system, the liter (l) is the basic measurement for volume.

Kiloliter - klHectoliter - hlDecaliter (or dekaliter) - dalLiter - lDeciliter - dlCentiliter - clMilliliter - ml

Metric because that Weight

For weight, the basic measurement in the metric mechanism is the gram (g). Add prefixes together you did above for meters and liters.

Kilogram - kgHectogram - hgDekagram (or dekagram) - dagGram - gDecigram - dgCentigram - cgMilligram - mg

Temperature for a Metric Unit

While length, weight and volume covering the basics, there are other units of measurements that are just as important. In America, you can be familiar with the Fahrenheit mechanism for temperature, however the metric mechanism uses Celsius and Kelvin.

The metric for these are:

Kelvin - KCelsius - C

To easily convert in between systems of measurement, usage the Celsius to Fahrenheit converter on ours sister website

Metric Data measure

If you’ve ever touched a computer, you’ve probably come across bits and bytes. You could not have actually known what that “b” or “B” stood for, however that is where learning computer system storage can help. Dive into the native bits to exabytes.

Bit - bByte - BKilobyte - KB (1,000 bytes)Megabyte - MB (1,000 KB)Gigabyte - GB (1,000 MB)Terabyte - TB (1,000 GB)Petabyte - PB (1,000 TB)Exabyte - EB (1,000 PB)

In the standard decimal system, each unit is equal to 1,000 of the vault units. However, in the traditional binary system, every unit is equal to 1,024 the the ahead units. This is because 1,024 equals 2 to the 10th strength (210).

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Power for Metric Units

One various other area whereby you’ll come throughout metric mechanism is in the context of power, energy and also electricity. This include:

Watt - WKilowatt - kWKilowatt-hour - kWh Gigawatt - GWAmp - AMilliamp - mAMilliamp-hour - mAhVolt - V

Metric system Abbreviation Basics

Once you obtain the basic system down, understanding the method that metric are produced isn’t therefore hard. Currently that you have a great understanding the provided in the metric system, you might want to learn how are different from acronyms. Go you recognize an abbreviation can come to be a whole brand-new word? Imagine that!