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Southern stingrays (Dasyatis americana or Hypanus americanus) are discovered in the western Atlantic Ocean.

A few sharks develop live young (viviparous) after inner fertilization. The posterior edge of the male’s pelvic fins room modified right into a clasper, which acts together an intromittent organ in copulating through the female. Most sharks lay large yolky, encapsulated eggs with hooks because that attachment. The young build directly and begin life together miniature adults. The young that construct in the mom uterus achieve nutrients indigenous the large yolk sac until they room born alive. In a couple of cases, the uterine wall secretes nutrients.

The teleostome, or osteichthyian, fishes (those having an inner bony skeleton) can be split into 2 groups: the subclasses Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) and also Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fishes). The latter group has the lungfishes, i m sorry live in marshes, ponds, or streams, and are regular air breathers. They place fairly huge eggs, v a minimal amount the yolk, that space enclosed in jelly coats choose those of an amphibian. The eggs build into little fishes that feed top top live prey. The larvae that the afri lungfish have outside gills to complement oxygen intake.

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The teleostomes

Actinopterygian fishes room the common bony fishes of contemporary aquatic environments. They selection in dimension from fishes that are just millimetres in dimension to those 2 or much more metres (6.6 or much more feet) in length, weighing 500 kilograms or more. Big species (sturgeons) are uncovered in new waters (several other big species are discovered in the Amazon) and in naval environments. The diet may incorporate plants, animals, and also carrion. Most types are midwater swimmers, but many spend much time lie on the bottom. Tail, pectoral, and even dorsal fin are supplied in swimming. Reproduction in this team is by way of big numbers of little eggs, i m sorry produce small larvae or develop directly come the adult.