Chapter summaries

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critical Updated on may 17, 2021, through Editorial. Word Count: 1179

This chapter opens with a fight between Scout and also her classmate Cecil Jacobs, who announces come the entire school the Atticus "defend niggers." reconnaissance takes offense to this and shouts in ~ him to take it back, however refrains from gaining into a physics fight for fear of being punished. Atticus has to tell her not to use the word "nigger" since it"s "common," an interpretation that the only civilization who say it are civilization who don"t know any type of better. Thereafter, Scout provides the native Negro, instead, and also asks Atticus if all lawyers protect African American people. He defines to her the it"s his task to defend Tom and also that, if he yielded to peer pressure and also refused to defend Tom, favor the other citizens of Maycomb want him to, the wouldn"t have the ability to hold up his head in town. He intends to protect Tom even though he to know he won"t win.

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Christmas comes, and, through it, Uncle Jack, Atticus"s brother, who continues to be with them for a week. That likes to do Scout laugh, yet is likewise a really serious man—a doctor—who removes her splinters and also warns her not to swear. ~ above Christmas morning, Jem and also Scout play with the wait rifles Atticus to buy them, yet aren"t permitted to carry the rifles v them as soon as they go watch Uncle Jimmy and Aunt Alexandra, Atticus"s sister, at Finch"s Landing. Aunt Alexandra is for this reason unlike Atticus in every way that Jem think she to be switched at birth and is actually a Crawford. Her grandson, Francis, is the many boring boy alive, follow to Scout. That asked for a bowtie for Christmas. What"s worse, that says poor things about Atticus defending Tom, which leads Scout to beat him in the face.

Uncle Jack punishes Scout for fighting v Francis. Later, once they go back to Maycomb, Scout speak him that he was unfair to her and also explains why she punched Francis, yet asks him not to phone call Atticus, since she doesn"t want to disappoint her father. Quiet later, enlightenment overhears Uncle Jack and Atticus talking. Uncle Jack states he doesn"t want to have children. Atticus says Scout"s usage of negative language is just a phase. The knows that she do the efforts to follow him, and also he"s sorry the she"s walking to have actually to deal with the ugliness that the trial soon. That knows the she"s listening, however wants her to hear this for this reason that later on she"ll understand.


General Hood (1831 - 1879). John Bell Hood, a brilliant Confederate general whose reputation was destroyed by his defeat in the Atlanta Campaign and also the Franklin-Nashville Campaign. Follow to Scout, she cousin, Ike Finch, the critical living Confederate veteran that the Civil battle in Maycomb, has actually a beard like general Hood"s, i beg your pardon grows number of inches long and juts powerfully the end from his chin. That so countless of Scout"s allusions refer to the polite War and Confederate generals serves together a potent reminder the the South"s dark history.

House the Commons. Traditionally, this describes the lower residence of the brothers Parliament, however may, in various other contexts, describe the equivalent house of the Canadian or ireland parliaments. Uncle Jack alludes come it when trying to answer Scout"s question asking what a "whore-lady" is. It"s unclear exactly how the two things room related.

Lord Melbourne (1779 - 1848). A Whig politician who offered as the British prime Minister native 1835 to 1841. He was involved in a pair sex scandals, one including his wife, who had actually an affair with Lord Byron, and also another entailing his friend, the writer Caroline Norton. It"s unsure how exactly Lord Melbourne relates to what Scout and Jack were talking about before.

The Missouri Compromise. This United states federal statute was devised by Henry Clay and also illegalized enslavement in Louisiana purchase territories north of the 36°30′ parallel, except within the state of Missouri. According to Cousin Ike, the Missouri Compromise significant the start of the end for the antebellum South, whose means of life was destroyed when they can no much longer rely on servant labor.

Stonewall Jackson (1824 - 1963). Sometimes referred to as Ol" Blue irradiate by his men, thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson was a Confederate basic who earn his nickname in ~ the first Battle of Bull Run, wherein he and also his brigade that Virginians stood their ground against a Union attack. Cousin Ike alludes to him when mentioning the polite War through Scout and also Jem.


Once again, the primary problems in this chapter involve Scout. This time, her disputes are v men, no women, and therefore have actually a various feel and also character. In this chapter, Scout actively attempts come hold ago and store out the trouble, the end of respect for Atticus, however finds this difficult.

Scout vs. Cecil Jacobs. This chapter opens up with scout shouting at Cecil come take back the typical things the he"s said around Atticus. Remarkably, reconnaissance is may be to refrain from acquiring into a physics fight this time, however only due to the fact that she has already spoken to Atticus and also he has explained to her that he has actually a moral duty to protect Tom Robinson. Her cousin Francis, however, doesn"t obtain off so easily.

Scout vs. Francis. Like Cecil Jacobs, Francis speak ill of Atticus because he"s defending Tom Robinson. However, due to the fact that he"s pertained to Scout and should know much better than come speak that means about relatives, Francis doesn"t acquire off as easy as Cecil did. Scout patiently tortures him for a small while, trapping him in the kitchen and also shouting at him occasionally before finally punching that in the face. She doesn"t explain why she go this to Aunt Alexandra, and also she end up being punished by Uncle Jack.

Scout vs. Uncle Jack. Though scout loves Uncle Jack, lock come right into conflict since he doesn"t want her using swear indigenous or bad language. Once he hears the Scout has actually been fighting v Francis, he punishes her without very first waiting to hear her side the the story. Once he go hear it, though, the apologizes because that being cross through her, later telling Atticus the he doesn"t want any children the his own, since he doesn"t recognize them.


An example of one idiom would be "to attract a bead on someone," which Scout supplies when she has actually a fight through Francis. Generally, the expression refers come aiming a total (drawing a bead on her target), yet in this context describes Scout keeping an eye ~ above Cecil Jacobs, who she decides no to fight.



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 In this chapter, reconnaissance relates the particulars of her family"s heritage, consisting of the design of Simon Finch"s house, i m sorry is exceptionally peculiar (his daughters all slept in one bedroom, the staircase to which can only it is in accessed with his understand bedroom). Reconnaissance tells united state this no to impress upon the reader exactly how old and also wealthy her family was, however to define Finch"s Landing, a new setting the the reader has never viewed before. Thus, the lengthy expositional passages about the house and also her ancestors are much less a product the Scout"s attention in her heritage than they room of Lee"s require to quickly orient the reader in a brand-new setting.