The difference between simple and compound pipeline is as result of the components like attachments of pipeline to the sheet blade and the existence of lateral bud top top the leaf’s axil. Simple leaves have actually the undivided or partially incised sheet blade. Whereas compound pipeline possess a variable number of leaflets on a single leaf blade.

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Simple pipeline bear axillary bud at your base, if leaflets of link leaves absence axillary or lateral bud on their axil. Castle both are typical forms of leaves in dicot plants.


Leaves constitute vital part of the shoot system, i beg your pardon facilitate organic food production via photosynthesis. Leafs can modify or adapt themselves to different environments. But, an easy and compound leaves room the two far-reaching forms of pipeline classified based upon incisions in the sheet lamina.

This article describes the key differences in between the simple and compound leaves, in addition to the compare chart. Also, girlfriend would obtain to know the definition, types and similarities in between the two.

Content: an easy Vs link Leaves

Comparison Chart

PropertiesSimple LeavesCompound Leaves
MeaningSimple leaves are the form of leaves where each leaf is attached come the key stem via the petioleCompound leaves are the kind of leaves where countless leaflets room attached come the main stem via rachis
Attachment to the stem’s nodeLeaves are directly attached to the stem’s node via the petioleLeaflets are associated to the stem’s node via a short stem dubbed the rachis
StipulesPresent in ~ the sheet axilPresent in ~ the junction in between petiole and stem’s node
Lateral budAll the pipeline bear lateral bud at your baseLeaflets carry out not be afflicted with lateral buds at your base
Leaf-blade divisionsLeaf lamina is generally solitary or undivided, yet the leaf margins might possess some depressionsLeaf lamina is frequently divided right into multiple leaflets
Incisions ~ above the sheet lamina Incisions carry out not with the midribIncisions room deep enough to reach the midrib
Lamina sizeBroadSmall
Arrangement the leavesArranged in acropetal successionNo together arrangement
SymmetryLeaves construct in one or more planesLeaflets grow in a one airplane symmetry
ExamplesOak, banana, mango, maple pipeline etc.Rose, clover, neem, buckeye leaves etc.

Definition of simple Leaves

They room the types of dicot leaves wherein a solitary leaf attaches come the stem’s node via petiole. Each leaf bears an axillary bud in ~ its basic or in between the junction of the petiole and stem’s node. The leaf margin of simple leaves have the right to be entire, lobed and also toothed. As we could see in the diagram below, the leaf lamina has actually no divisions.

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However, a midrib may possess few incisions or depressions top top a sheet margin that do not touch the midrib. Mango, banana, Hibiscus and also maple pipeline are instances of an easy leaves.

Definition of compound Leaves

They space the forms of dicot leaves where clusters of pipeline or leaflets affix to the stem’s node via a quick stalk or rachis. The base of the leaflets does not bear an axillary bud. However, axillary or lateral bud is allocated between the junction that petiole and also stem’s node. The sheet margin of link leaves deserve to be entire, lobed, parted and rolled.

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As we can see in the over diagram, the sheet lamina own a variable number of leaflets. Thus, a midrib is completely divided because of incisions top top a leaf margin upto the midrib. Neem, rose, coriander, buckeye pipeline are instances of compound leaves.

Types of straightforward Leaves

By looking into the sheet margins, us could also classify an easy leaves. Leaf margin just refers come the edge of leaves.

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Entire margin: Here, edge of leaves appear smooth and also complete (without notches and also serrations). Example: Mango leavesLobed margin: Here, edge of leaves consist of many depressions and appear spiky and also rounded.Example: Oak leavesToothed margin: Here, the edge of a leaf are notched right into irregular forms. Serrated spare part appear continuous and pointed forward together in apologize leaves. Dentate spare part appear continuous and sharp outwards as in chestnut leaves. Lastly, crenated margins appear rounded or scalloped, as in Katsura leaves.

Types of link Leaves

They are broadly classified right into pinnately and palmately compound leaves. Prior to proceeding, us must recognize the straightforward idea behind this classification. Let us look right into the picture below and also understand the difference in between the pinnately and palmately compound leaves by compare them v the pinnately and palmately straightforward leaves.

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A pinnately compound leaves form when an easy unicostate leaves undergo incisions in ~ different clues on the rachis. Conversely, palmately compound leaves type when divergent multicostate pipeline undergo incisions in the direction of a solitary point or a tip that the petiole.


Based ~ above the number of times incision occurs, pinnately compound leaves have the adhering to subtypes:

Unipinnately imparipinnate: Here, one terminal leaf and also paired leaflets are present, do an odd variety of leaflets.Example: Neem and rose leavesUnipinnately paripinnate: Here, the main rachis comprises combine leaflets without a terminal leaf, making an even number of leaflets.Example: Tamarind and Sesbania leavesBipinnated: Here, leaflets appear on the main and second rachis.Example: Acacia and Mimosa leavesTripinnated: Here, leaflets appear on the primary, secondary and tertiary rachis.Example: Moringa and also Oroxylurn leavesDecompound: leaf is an ext than thrice pinnate as in coriander and also carrot leaves.

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Based top top the attachments of leaflets with the petiole, palmately link leaves have actually the adhering to subtypes:

Unifoliate: at the guideline of the petiole, a solitary leaflet is present.Example: Lemon leavesBifoliate: Here, 2 leaflets unite at the petiole’s apex.Example: Bauhinia leavesTrifoliate: in ~ the guideline of the petiole, 3 leaflets space present.Example: Oxalis leavesQuadrifoliate: Here, four leaflets hold together at the petiole’s tip.Example: Marsilea leavesMultifoliate: Here, much more than four leaflets hold together at the petiole’s apex.Example: Bombax leaves

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Key distinctions Between simple and link Leaves

Simple leaves space the form of leaves where each leaf connects to the main stem via petiole. Oppositely, compound leaves possess countless leaflets that connect to the main stem via rachis.Simple pipeline directly connect to the stem’s node via petiole. Whereas leaflets indirectly attach to the stem’s node via a quick branch or the rachis.Each basic leaf bear a lateral bud at its base. In contrast, leaflets of compound leaves carry out not hold lateral buds at your base.The leaf lamina of straightforward leaves is normally single or undivided, yet the leaf margins may possess part depressions or incisions (not so deep sufficient to with the midrib). The sheet lamina that compound pipeline has plenty of divisions into many leaflets as result of deep incisions that relocate down the midrib.

SimilaritiesSimple and compound leaves are common in dicot plants.Both the creates of leaves carry out the photosynthetic activity.Simple and also compound leaves may undergo adaptations and also modifications according to the changing environment and also different habitats.Leaf lamina and also petiole room the typical structures in both varieties of leaves.Both possess bud ~ above a twig.

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Conclusion

Therefore, we can conclude that basic leaves possess a single leaf blade, either whole or incised (do no touch the mid-rib or petiole). Vice versa, a compound leaf has many incisions top top a sheet lamina that relocate down come the rachis or petiole and also ultimately break the sheet lamina right into several segment or leaflets.