Take a look in ~ the photo below. Each of those colored balls is an electron. In one atom, the electron spin around the center, likewise called the nucleus. The electrons like to be in different shells/orbitals. Shell number one have the right to only host 2 electrons, covering two have the right to hold 8, and for the an initial eighteen aspects shell three can hold a best of eight electrons. Together you learn around elements with much more than eighteen electron you will find that shell three can hold more than eight. Once one covering is full, the next electron the is included has to move to the following shell.So... Because that the facet of NITROGEN, you already know that the atomic number tells you the variety of electrons. That way there are 7 electrons in a nitrogen atom. Looking in ~ the picture, you can see there are two electrons in shell one and also five in covering two.

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► an ext about the background and areas to find nitrogen.► Next element of the periodic table.
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AmmoniaThis is an ammonia molecule v the formula, NH3. Scientists use the name "ammonia", the same method they call H2O "water". In this compound, 3 hydrogen (H) atom share their electrons with the nitrogen (N) atom. This way the nitrogen has actually a filled external shell and the hydrogens have two electron to fill their shells.

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Nitrogen TrichlorideNitrogen can integrate with 3 chlorine (Cl) atoms, developing nitrogen trichloride, or NCl3. Nitrogen shares its electrons through the chlorine atoms, so every one of the atoms have actually their shells filled.Take a look in ~ the dots approximately the atoms. All of them now have eight electrons, and also a filled external shell!
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Cyanogen ChlorideHere"s miscellaneous new! We have three different aspects here, carbon, nitrogen, and also chlorine. That"s not special, yet the way they integrate is! Look at the carbon and the nitrogen, they are sharing 6 electrons!When two atom share 2 electrons, that"s a solitary bond. If they share four it"s a dual bond. Well these two are sharing six, that"s a triple bond. It"s extremely solid and powerful. It would certainly take a the majority of work to separate the C and also the N!One much more thing! because the bond between carbon and nitrogen is for this reason strong, scientists speak to them "cyanogen" rather of carbon-nitrogen. Scientists know that cyanogen is always CN.
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