The Albany plan of Union to be a arrangement to location the British phibìc American nests under a more centralized government. ~ above July 10, 1754, representatives from 7 of the British north American colonies adopted the plan. Back never lugged out, the Albany arrangement was the an initial important proposal to conceive of the colonies as a collective whole unified under one government.

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Representatives of the early american governments embraced the Albany arrangement during a bigger meeting well-known as the Albany Congress. The British government in London had ordered the colonial governments to accomplish in 1754, initially since of a breakdown in negotiations between the nest of new York and the Mohawk nation, i m sorry was part of the Iroquois Confederation. More generally, imperial officials want a treaty in between the colonies and also the Iroquois that would articulate a clear colonial-Indian relations policy. The early american governments the Maryland, Pennsylvania, brand-new York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts and new Hampshire all sent commissioners come the Congress. Back the treaty through the Iroquois was the key purpose of the Congress, the delegates additionally met to discuss intercolonial teamwork on various other matters. V the French and also Indian battle looming, the need for teamwork was urgent, especially for nests likely come come under attack or invasion.

Prior to the Albany Congress, a variety of intellectuals and also government officials had formulated and also published several tentative plans because that centralizing the colonial governments of phibìc America. Imperial officials witnessed the advantages of pass the swarms under closer authority and supervision, while colonists saw the must organize and also defend usual interests. One figure of emerging prominence among this group of pundits was Pennsylvanian Benjamin Franklin. Earlier, Franklin had actually written to friends and also colleagues suggest a setup of voluntary union for the colonies. Upon hearing of the Albany Congress, his newspaper, The Pennsylvania Gazette, released the politics cartoon "Join or Die," which illustrated the prominence of union by to compare the colonies to pieces of a snake’s body. The Pennsylvania federal government appointed Franklin together a commissioner come the Congress, and also on his way, Franklin wrote to several new York commissioners outlining ‘short clues towards a system for uniting the northern Colonies’ by means of an act of the brother Parliament.

The Albany Congress began on June 19, 1754, and the commissioners vote unanimously to comment on the opportunity of union on June 24. The union committee submitted a breeze of the plan on June 28, and commissioners debated elements of it till they embraced a last version top top July 10.

Although just seven nests sent commissioners, the plan proposed the union of every the British nests except because that Georgia and also Delaware. The early american governments were to select members of a "Grand Council," when the British government would choose a "president General." Together, these two branches of the unified government would manage colonial-Indian relationships and additionally resolve territorial disputes between the colonies. Acknowledging the tendency of royal colonial governors come override colonial legislatures and pursue unpopular policies, the Albany arrangement gave the grand Council higher relative authority. The setup also enabled the brand-new government to levy taxes for its very own support.

Despite the support of many colonial leaders, the plan, as formulated in ~ Albany, walk not become a reality. Early american governments, sensing that it would curb their very own authority and territorial rights, either rejected the setup or made decision not come act on it at all. The British federal government had currently dispatched general Edward Braddock as army commander in chief in addition to two commissioners to manage Indian relations, and also believed the directives native London would suffice in the management of early american affairs.

The Albany plan was no conceived the end of a desire come secure independence from good Britain. Many early american commissioners in reality wished come increase imperial authority in the colonies. Its framers saw it instead as a method to reform colonial-imperial relationsand to acknowledge that the colonies collectively shared particular common interests. However, the early american governments’ own fears of losing power, territory, and also commerce, both to other colonies and also to the british Parliament, guarantee the Albany Plan’s failure.

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Despite the failure of the Albany Plan, it served as a model for future attempts in ~ union: it attempted to establish the department between the executive and legislative branches the government, while establishing a usual governmental authority to resolve external relations. More importantly, it conceived that the colonies of mainland north America as a cumulative unit, separate not just from the mother country, but likewise from the various other British swarms in the West Indies and elsewhere.