Alam, Mohammad S. Food Protein research study and advancement Center, Texas A&M University, university Station, Texas.

Last reviewed:March 2019

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1036/1097-8542.251400

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Nutrition valueChemistry that fats and also oilsProduction methodsOil change processChemical adjuvantsTestingDeterioration factorsRelated primary LiteratureAdditional Reading

Important functional contents of foods, belonging come a team of organic substance called lipids.

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Fats and oils space soluble in organic solvents such as hexane, petroleum ether, alcohol, and also chloroform. They are insoluble in water. Fats and oils have distinctive properties and also play a major role in person nutrition. They add flavor, texture, lubricity, and satiety come foods. Most fats and also oils provided for human intake are plant-derived (Fig. 1). The major commodity fats and also oils are soybean, cottonseed, canola, sunflower, corn, peanut, palm kernel, and also coconut oils; others such together olive, almond, cashew nut, hazelnut, avocado, and also sesame oils are thought about gourmet or specialty, health-promoting oils. The significant animal fats encompass lard native pigs, tallow indigenous cattle and sheep, milk fat or butter native cows, and also fish oil. Recently, some distinct oils such together emu oil (harvested native emu birds), ostrich oil, and also mink oil have been in high demand for their use in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Another resource of fats and oils is algae. This aquatic organisms might consist of up to 60% oils, depending on the kind of species harvested. Algal oil has actually been supplied in food formulations for countless decades, particularly for margarine and shortening and additionally as a source of omega-3 fatty acids. see also: Algae; Fat and oil; Food; Lipid

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